How to make a time table for UPSC preparation?

The mother of all exams- the UPSC exam is widely believed to be not everybody’s cup of tea. The sheer amount of persistence, diligence and consistent hard work that clearing the UPSC exam requires make it a distant dream career for many aspirants. Most of them do not even dare to dive into the ocean of UPSC chart preparation time and the ones who do, more often than not get bogged down by the demanding syllabus of UPSC and give up their dream career. Here we are providing the UPSC chart preparation time for exams.The primary reason for this dejection is not being able to manage one’s time devoted to UPSC preparation, properly. So here we will tell you how to make an effective UPSC chart preparation time.

How to make a time table for UPSC preparation

Start with UPSC syllabus

To make a time table for UPSC chart preparation time, first and foremost you need to get well versed with your UPSC syllabus for both UPSC prelims as well as UPSC Mains. Know it verbatim so that you do not waste time studying unnecessary things.

Plan for finishing UPSC syllabus

Do backwards planning, i.e, calculate the number of topics you have at hand, to be covered and the number of days left for your UPSC exam. Now allot a specific number of chapters to each day, in a way that you cover all the important topics by the day of your UPSC exam.

Start your day with a newspaper for UPSC preparation

Current affairs play a dominant role in both UPSC prelims as well as UPSC Mains exam so it is extremely imperative to stay abreast with all the latest happenings around the world. Make it a habit to read The Hindu or The Indian Express daily for at least one hour. Starting your day by reading a newspaper along with your daily cup of coffee will also help you kick start your day effectively.

UPSC Mains optional subject

The marks you score in your UPSC Mains optional subject are going to determine your final rank hence you cannot afford to ignore your UPSC optional subject at any cost, no matter how strong you are in that subject. You need to make sure that you devote at least 4 hours towards studying your UPSC Mains optional subject. So after your newspaper reading session you can easily take up your UPSC optional subject study till your lunchtime.

General studies for UPSC exam

As far as General Studies for UPSC is concerned, you can take up two subjects at a time. A good idea would be to start with History and Polity. You can devote two and a half hours to each subject and then go for a walk with your friends.

Discussions and debates for UPSC exam

When out with your friends, engage in healthy discussions about what’s happening around you. These discussions will help you broaden your understanding of an issue and help you in answer writing for UPSC Mains exams as well as in UPSC interview where incorporating various perspectives in your answer always fetches you bonus points.

AIR News spotlight for UPSC preparation

By the time you have your dinner your brain would already have been saturated with an entire day of study, so utilize the time after dinner to listen to All India Radio news summaries or a prime time news debate on television. Watching the debates on Rajya Sabha TV will also prove beneficial in the long run. You can end your day with a quick revision of all that you studies during the day.

All work and no play make Jack a dull boy, so do not spend your entire day just poring over books. Keep taking 10 or 15 minutes break in between your study sessions. Also go for a walk, jog or run in the nearest park and make sure to exercise regularly in order to keep your body healthy and mind rejuvenated. Exercising also pimps more oxygen to the brain and increases its alertness. Keep your meals light and take a healthy diet as you will become prone to putting on weight if you sit and study continuously.

The chart preparation time for UPSC is not a one size fits all approach and aspirants are most welcome to tweak it according to their study preferences and time availability. However, beginners who have no clue as to where and how to start their UPSC preparation are sure to find this workable.

UPSC Mains Mathematics Important Topics

Here we are providing important topics for UPSC Exam. You will find Tips on how to crack Mathematics in upsc ias exam. It is adviced to take mathematics as optional subjects if you are from engineering background because course is almost similar and all concepts we have you have already studied. Below you will find all important topics in Mathematics for UPSC Exam so that you can prepare wisely.

How to Prepare Mathematics for UPSC Exams? - Important Topics

Important Topics in Mathematics for UPSC Exams

Paper I

Section A

  • Linear Algebra: Vector, space, linear dependance and independance, subspaces, bases, dimensions. Finite dimensional vector spaces. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, eqivalence, congruences and similarity, reduction to canonical form, rank, orthogonal, symmetrical, skew symmetrical, unitary, hermitian, skew-hermitian formstheir eigenvalues.
  • Calculus: Lagrange’s method of multipliers, Jacobian. Riemann’s definition of definite integrals, indefinite integrals, infinite and improper integrals, beta and gamma functions. Double and triple integrals i.e.. Evaluation techniques only. Areas, surface and volumes and centre of gravity.
  • Analytic Geometry: Sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties.

Section B

  • Ordinary Differential Equations: Clariaut’s equation, singular solution. Higher order linear equations, with constant coefficients, complementary function and particular integral, general solution, Euler-Cauchy equation. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, determination of complete solution when one solution is known, method of variation of parameters.
  • Dynamics, Statics and Hydrostatics: However, ignore the whole section, if you have thoroughly prepared for other sections.
  • Vector Analysis: Triple products, vector identities and vector equations. Application to Geometry: Curves in space, curvature and torision. Serret-Frenet’s formulae, Gauss and Stokes’theorems, Green’s identities.

Paper II

Section A

  • Algebra: Normal subgroups, homomorphism of groups quotient groups basic isomorophism theorems, Sylow’s group, principal ideal domains, unique factorisation domains and Euclidean domains. Field extensions, finite fields.
  • Real Analysis: Riemann integral, improper integrals, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions. Differentiation of functions of several variables, alteration in the order of partial derivatives, implicit function theorem, maxima and minima. Multiple integrals.
  • Complex Analysis: However, ignore the whole section, if you have thoroughly prepared for other sections.
  • Linear Programming: Basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution, Simplex method of solutions. Duality. Transportation and assignment problems. Travelling salesman problems.

Section B

  • Partial differential equations: Solutions of equations of type dx/p = dy/q = dz/r; orthogonal trajectories, pfaffian differential equations; partial differential equations of the first order, solution by Cauchy’s method of characteristics; Char-pit’s method of solutions, linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, equations of vibrating string, heat equation, laplace equation.
  • Numerical Analysis and Computer programming: Numerical methods, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods Numerical integration: Simpson’s one-third rule, tranpesodial rule, Gaussian quardrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runge Kutta-methods.
  • Computer Programming: Binary system. Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers. Bitwise operations. Octal and Hexadecimal Systems. Convers-ion to and from decimal Systems.
  • Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: D ‘Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’ equations, Hamilton equations, moment of intertia, motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions.

Best Reference books for PRELIMS exam 2017 – UPSC

Get Best Reference Books for Prelims Exam. BEST REFERENCE BOOKS FOR PRELIMS EXAM OF UPSC CIVIL SERVICES. Prelims exam is the first stage in civil services or IAS examination which is conducted by UPSC. If you are searching for best reference books which cover all topics in prelims general studies and aptitude test (csat) then here you can find out list of standard and best reference books suggested by toppers and experts. Students may buy these books online and some civil services materials and best books are available to free download in pdf format. With the list of best reference books for UPSC civil services prelims exam you can easily score well in less time and without coaching.


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Books Required For Preparing UPSC CSE (Prelims Paper-I)

Syllabus for prelims GS paper-I (General Studies)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the    World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development
  • Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization General Science.

The syllabus for UPSC prelims is like what a person must know in his daily life, UPSC does not demand any specialization in any or all particular subjects given in the syllabus. It just requires a general knowledge about the subject. This is also specified in  syllabus provided by UPSC and all questions which are asked in exam are based on periferi of these subjects.

NCERT books are the most important sources for civil services examination preparation.


                      English                                  Hindi

                   Indian Economic and Social Development

  • STD-9-Economics
  •  Arthashastra
     2) STD-10-Understanding Economic

           Development – Economics

     2) Arthik Vikas Ki Samajh -Arthashastra
     3)   STD-11-Indian Eco. Development      3) Bharatiya Arthvyavastha Ka-Vikas                                                                                                          
     4)   STD-12-India People and Economy        4) Bharat – Log Aur Arthvyavastha                                         
     5) Indian Economy – Sanjeev Verma     5) Indian Economy – Sanjeev Verma     
     6)  Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh       6)  Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh

     History and Art And Culture

  • STD-6-Our past – History
   1) Hamara Atit – Itihas
     2)   STD-7-Our Past II – History    2) Hamara Atit- II – Itihas
     3)   STD-8-Our Past III part I – History    3) Hamara Atit- III Bhag – Itihas                                                                                              
     4)   STD-8-Our Past III part II – History    4)  Hamara Atit III Bhag II – Itihas
    5)   STD-9-India & Contemporary World – History    5) Bharat Aur Samakalin Vishwa -Itihas
    6)   STD-10-India & Contemporary

            World II– History

   6) Bharat Aur Samakalin Vishwa II –


    7)   STD-11-Themes of World History    7) Vishva Itihas Ke Kuch Vishay
   8)   STD-11-An Introduction to Indian Art     8) An Introduction to Indian Art
    OLD NCERT (2003 Edition)                   9) STD-11-(Ancient Indian History ­ RS Sharma)            

10) STD-11- (Medieval Indian History ­ Satish Chandra)

11) STD-12- (Modern Indian History ­ Bipin Chandra)

  OLD NCERT (2003 Edition)

     9)    STD-11- (Ancient Indian History ­ RS Sharma)

  10) STD-11- (Medieval Indian History ­ Satish Chandra)

 11) STD-12- (Modern Indian History ­ Bipin Chandra)

12)  Indian History – Spectrum 12)  Indian History – Spectrum
13) India’s Struggle For Independence-Bipin Chandra 13) India’s Struggle For Independence-Bipin Chandra
14)  Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. 14)  Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania.

  Indian and World Geography

  • STD-6-The Earth Our Habitat-  – Geography  
1) Prithvi Hamara Abhas – Bhugol
2)   STD-7-Our Environment – Geography 2) Hamara Paryavaran – Bhugol
3) STD-8-Resourse & Development – Geography 3) Sansadhan ayewan vikas-  Bhugol
4)  STD-9-Contemporary India – Geography          4) Samakalin Bharat – Bhugol
5) STD-10-Contemporary India – Geography 5) Samakalin Bharat – Bhugol
6)  STD-11-Fundamental of Physical Geo.       6) Bhautik Bhugol, Ke Mool                                                                                                          Sidhant
7) STD-12-Fundamentals of Human Geography 7)  Manav Bhugol Ke Mul Sidhant
8) Certificate Physical Geography ­ G C Leong    8) Certificate Physical Geography ­G C Leong
9) Indian Geography-Khullar 9) Indian Geography-Khullar
10) Physical Geography-Savinder Singh 10) Physical Geography-Savinder Singh
11) Orient Blackswan Atlas/ TTK School Atlas/ Oxford School Atlas 11) Orient Blackswan Atlas/ TTK School Atlas/ Oxford School Atlas

Indian Polity and Governance Constitution

1)    STD-9-Democratic Politics 1) Loktantrik Rajniti
2)    STD-10-Democratic Politics II 2) Loktantrik Rajniti II
3)    STD-11-Indian Constitution at Work 3) Bharatiya sanvidhan Ka Karya
5)    Indian Constitution ­ M Lakshmikantha 5) Indian Constitution ­ M Lakshmikantha

Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity

1) Environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains – Khuller.
  • Environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains – Khuller.
2)  Shankar IAS Environment      2)  Shankar IAS Environment

 General Science and Science & Technology

1) STD 6 to 10 Science NCERT
  1. STD 6 to 10 Vigyan NCERT
2) STD 11 & 12 Biology unit NCERT      2)   STD 11 & 12 Jeev Vigyan NCERT
3) STD 11 & 12 Chemistry unit NCERT      3)   STD 11 & 12 Rasayan Vigyan Bhag


Current events of National and International Importance

                    Newspaper / Magazine

  1.   The Hindu/ Dainik Jagran (Rashtriya Sanskaran)
  2.   The Indian Express/ Dainik Bhaskar
  3.   Frontline
  4.   Yojana
  5.   Kurukshetra
  6.   Any Monthly Magazine for Current Affairs

Books required for CSAT (Prelims Paper-II)



Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

Logical reasoning and analytical ability

Decision-making and problem-solving

General mental ability

Basic numeracy (numbers and their  relations,  orders of  magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. Class X level)

English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

  1. STD 6 to 10  Mathematics
  1. STD 6 to 10 Ganit
     2)  RS Aggarwal verbal reasoning      2)   RS Aggarwal verbal reasoning (hindi)
     3)  RS Aggarwal Non verbal reasoning      3)   RS Aggarwal Non verbal reasoning
  1. History Of Modern India – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  2. India’s Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. (History)
  3. India’s Ancient Past – R.S. Sharma. (History)
  4. History Of Medieval India – Satish Chandra. (History)
  5. The Wonder That Was India – A.L. Bhasham. (Culture)
  6. Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. (Culture)
  7. Geography of India – Majid Husain. (Geography)
  8. Oxford School Atlas – Oxford. (Geography)
  9. Certificate Physical and Human Geography – Goh Cheng Leong. (Geography)
  10. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth. (Polity)
  11. Indian Economy – Ramesh Singh. (Economy)
  12. Economic Survey. (Economy)
  13. Science and Technology in India – TMH. (Science and Technology)
  14. Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure – Rajagopalan. (Environment)
  15. Environment for Civil Services Prelims and Mains – Khuller. (Environment)
  16. India Year Book(Current Affairs)
  17. Manorama Yearbook. (Current Affairs)
  18. CSAT Paper – 2 Manual by TMHor CSAT-II – Arihant (CSAT – Paper 2)
  19. Analytical Reasoning – M. K. Pandey (CSAT – Paper 2: Analytical Reasoning)
  20. Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning – R. S.Aggarwal(CSAT Paper 2: Reasoning)

There are two papers in UPSC civil services prelims exam – General Studies and Aptitude or CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) and both prelims papers consists of multiple choice (objective) questions. Who qualify in UPSC civil services prelims exam are chosen to write the mains exam.

For the preparation of UPSC civil services prelims exam qualities like a sharp memory and basic retention power and proper strategy is needed. Selection of best books for prelims exam play key role. Conceptual clarity on every topic of the syllabus is required. Utilize time well and crack  the UPSC civil services prelims exam in first attempt. I hope this BEST REFERENCE BOOKS FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES PRELIMS EXAM article is helpful to you in preparation of UPSC civil services prelims exam

Best Reference Books For UPSC Mains Exam 2017

Get details about BEST REFERENCE BOOKS FOR MAINS EXAM OF UPSC CIVIL SERVICES. Mains exam is the second stage in civil services or IAS examination which is conducted by UPSC. If you are searching for best reference books which cover all topics in mains general studies and optional subject then here you can find out list of standard and best reference books suggested by toppers and experts. Students may buy these books online and some civil services materials and best books are available to free download in pdf format. With the list of best reference books for UPSC civil services mains exam you can easily score well in less time and without coaching.

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Books for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam in Hindi Medium (Additional)

Links of UPSC Books at online Stores! (Click on the links to buy online)

Free Online Resources For UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examination. Lot of the students will be eliminating in the UPSC prelims exam. UPSC mains syllabus is vast but it requires great preparation. proper strategy is needed. Selection of best books for mains exam play key role. Conceptual clarity on every topic of the syllabus is required. Utilize time well and crack the UPSC civil services mains exam in first attempt. I hope this BEST REFERENCE BOOKS FOR Mains Exam – UPSC CIVIL SERVICES article is helpful to you in preparation of UPSC civil services Mains exam.

Current Affairs – 28th March 2017

Improve your knowledge for competitive exams by going through the daily current affairs from our website. Reading day to day current affairs helps to improve your memory power for competitive exams cracking. Here we are providing daily current affairs latest & updated.

current affairs as on 28th march 2017

Read Current Affairs of:

International Current Affairs

Here we are providing very important current affairs of international category for 28th March 2017.

  • Canada is going to host the 9th edition of World Environmental Education Congress (WEEC) in Vancouver from 9th to 15th September 2017.
    • The World Environmental Education Congress (WEEC) is an international event that seeks to addresses issues related education for environment and sustainability.
    • Theme of the year 2017 : “Culture/Environment: Weaving New Connections”.

National Current Affairs

Most important National Current Affairs of 28th March 2017 are provided below:

  • Parliament today passed the Mental Healthcare Bill, 2016, which provides for healthcare and services to people with mental illness and also decriminalises suicide.
    • The bill aims to provide for the right to better healthcare for mentally-ill patients.
    • The bill also allows a mentally ill person to have the right to restrict release of information with respect to the illness and make a complaint about deficiencies in provision of services
    • This bill decriminalises attempt to suicide by separating it from the Indian Penal Code.
    • Health Minister : J P Nadda
  • The 3rd edition of ‘World Conference on Environment’ was recently held in New Delhi.
    • This conference was organized by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) and inaugurated by the President Pranab Mukherjee.
    • The 2-day conference discussed various issues like air pollution, water pollution, economics and clean technology, and the role of courts and tribunals for environmental protection.
  • The Union government today launched ‘e-CinePramaan‘, the Online Film Certification System of the Central Board of Film Certification.
    • This will make the process for films to obtain a certificate fully digital and will include QR Codes to check fraudulent certificates.
  • Osmania University (OU) in Hyderabad (Telagana) is going to host the 105th Indian Science Congress (ISC) from 3rd to 7th January 2018.
    • Around 25 Nobel laureates are going to participate in the conference.
    • Theme of the year 2017 : ‘Science and Technology–Reaching the Unreached’.
    • It will be the 7th time Hyderabad hosting ISC.

MOUs & Agreements

  • India and Nepal have signed an agreement to renew supply of petroleum to Nepal for a period of five years i.e. till 2022.
    • The renewed agreement, which was overseen by the Petroleum Ministers of both countries, was signed even as both sides pledged to build a new pipeline for LPG.

New Appointments

All New Appointments list as on 28th March 2017 are as follows:

  • Indian-American Vanita Gupta, who headed civil rights division in the Department of Justice in the Obama Administration, has been appointed as President and CEO of ‘The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights’.
    • She will replace Wade Henderson who is stepping down after more than two decades.
    • With this, she became the first woman to head the prestigious organisation.
  • Hong Kong‘s electoral committee has chosen Carrie Lam, former deputy chief and China’s favoured candidate, as the autonomous territory’s new Chief Executive.
    • With 777 out of 1,194 votes, Lam will become the first female leader of Hong Kong.
    • Important Note : Hong Kong’s Chief Executive is not chosen by a public vote but by an electoral committee dominated by pro-China electors.
  • Pakistan has allowed former army chief General Raheel Sharif to head a Saudi Arabia-led Islamic military alliance, which has been formed to combat terrorism especially the Islamic State.
    • Raheel is expected to work on the structure of the 39-nation alliance.
  • Dr.Randeep Guleria was appointed as the new Director of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS, Delhi.
    • He is going to replace Dr. M C Mishra, who had retired in January 2017 from the post of AIIMS director.
    • Note : Guleria is the first Indian to get a Doctorate of Medicine (DM) in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine.

Banking & Economic Affairs

  • The government today announced that the use of virtual currencies like Bitcoin is not authorised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and could result in breach of anti-money laundering laws.
    • The RBI earlier warned that any user and trader dealing with virtual currencies would be doing so at his/her own risk and could face potential financial, and security risks.
  • The Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority today approved a budget of nearly ₹800 crore for its various projects.
    • The decision was taken during a meeting chaired by Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis.
    • A statement said that the allocation will benefit the Shivajinagar-Hinjawadi metro and Pune-Daund suburban railway projects, among others.

Science & Technology

  • The Indian Navy has de-inducted TU142M Long Range Maritime Patrol aircraft after 29 years of dedicated service to the nation and 30,000 hours of accident-free flying.
    • The aircraft was formally de-inducted at a ceremony held at INS Rajali naval air station in Arakkonam, Tamil Nadu.
    • Now its role will be taken on by the newly inducted Boeing P-8I aircraft.
  • A heavily modified Ford GT sports car today became the world’s fastest car by hitting a top speed of 472.5 kmph in just one mile.
    • The previous world record was of 455.7 kmph, set back in 2012 by a 1,700 horsepower Ford GT.


  • South African anti-apartheid leader Ahmed Kathrada (87) passed away.
    • Kathrada spent 26 years in jail, many of them alongside former President Nelson Mandela for acts of sabotage against South Africa’s white minority government.
    • He was also one of the most senior leaders to criticise President Jacob Zuma’s presidency.

Awards & Honors

  • Indian-origin British director Gurinder Chadha was honoured with the 2017 Sikh Jewel Award for her contribution to British cinema.
    • Some of her noted films include Bend It Like Beckham, Bhaji on the Beach and Bride and Prejudice.
    • Her latest film, “Viceroy’s House” is based on true events of the final five months of British rule in India and partition of India.

Sports Current Affairs

All Sports updates as on 28th March 2017 are as follows:

  • India defeated Australia by 8 wickets in the fourth Test at Dharamsala today to reclaim the Border-Gavaskar Trophy 2-1.
    • Note : Dharamsala Test is the first win for Ajinkya Rahane as India’s captain, who was leading India for the first time in Virat Kohli’s absence.
  • Team India was given the ICC Test mace and a $1 million cheque (₹6.5 crore) by former cricketer Sunil Gavaskar for being the number one Test team.
    • Note : ICC awards the annual cash prize to the team holding the number one rank on April 1.
  • Indian off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin received the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy from former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev for being named the ICC Cricketer of the Year as well as the ICC Test Cricketer of the Year.
    • Ashwin, who became the first Test cricketer to claim over 80 wickets in a single season of Test cricket, is the second-ranked bowler in Tests.
  • Australian Cricketer and world’s fastest bowlers in his prime Shaun Tait announced his retirement from all forms of cricket.
    • In his 15-year career, he had featured in 35 ODIs, 12 T20 Internationals and only three Tests.
    • He was an integral part of Australia’s victorious campaign in the 2007 World Cup in the West Indies.
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