UPSC MAINS Public Administration Syllabus

UPSC IAS MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams. Also Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2017. UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYLLABUS: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Public administration is one of the popular optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Irrespective of the academic background, anyone can attempt for mains Public administration exam. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Public administration paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Public administration mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of upsc Public administration mains exam.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EXAM SYLLABUS

UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYLLABUS

Also Read:

UPSC Prelims paper 1 General Studies Syllabus & Topics 2017

UPSC Prelims paper 2 Aptitude Syllabus & Topics 2017

UPSC Mains Agriculture Syllabus

UPSC Mains Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Syllabus & Topics

Civil Services Botany Mains Syllabus & Topics

Civil Services Bodo Mains Syllabus & Topics

UPSC IAS Mains Chemistry Paper Syllabus & Topics

UPSC Mains Civil Engineering Syllabus 2017

UPSC IAS Mains Commerce Syllabus 2017

UPSC Mains Economics Syllabus 2017

UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYLLABUS PAPER – I

Administrative Theory

  1. Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatization, Globalization; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
  2. Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).
  3. Administrative Behavior: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
  4. Organizations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public – Private Partnerships.
  5. Accountability and control: Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.
  6. Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
  7. Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
  8. Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Antidevelopment thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; Women and development – the self-help group movement.
  9. Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; employer- employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
  10. Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
  11. Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organization and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
  12. Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets – types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYLLABUS PAPER – 2

Indian Administration

  1. Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration – Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.
  2. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
  3. Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
  4. Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.
  5. Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
  6. State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
  7. District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the Collector; Union state- local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic decentralization.
  8. Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
  9. Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
  10. Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
  11. Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
  12. Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
  13. Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalization of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
  14. Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.

The public administration first paper syllabus is mostly about the theories of administration. The public administration paper II syllabus mostly consists of the Indian administration, which would be easy for a UPSC aspirant with a good general knowledge. It is recommended that while preparing student must keep this UPSC mains public administration syllabus to check the progress.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS Sociology Syllabus

UPSC IAS MAINS SOCIOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SOCIOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure, & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS SOCIOLOGY EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we have provided UPSC MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams. Also, Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2017. CIVIL SERVICES SOCIOLOGY MAIN SYLLABUS: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6 &7 are optional subject papers. Sociology is one of the interesting optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Irrespective of the academic background, anyone can attempt for mains sociology exam. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each sociology paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each sociology mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of upsc sociology mains exam.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SOCIOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SOCIOLOGY SYLLABUS

Also Read:

UPSC Prelims paper 1 General Studies Syllabus & Topics 2017

UPSC Prelims paper 2 Aptitude Syllabus & Topics 2017

UPSC Mains Agriculture Syllabus

UPSC Mains Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Syllabus & Topics

Civil Services Botany Mains Syllabus & Topics

Civil Services Bodo Mains Syllabus & Topics

UPSC IAS Mains Chemistry Paper Syllabus & Topics

UPSC Mains Civil Engineering Syllabus 2017

UPSC IAS Mains Commerce Syllabus 2017

UPSC Mains Economics Syllabus 2017

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SOCIOLOGY SYLLABUS PAPER – I
FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY

  1. Sociology – The Discipline:
    (a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.
    (b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
    (c) Sociology and common sense.
  2. Sociology as Science:
    (a) Science, scientific method and critique.
    (b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology.
    (c) Positivism and its critique.
    (d) Fact value and objectivity.
    (e) Non- positivist methodologies.
  3. Research Methods and Analysis:
    (a) Qualitative and quantitative methods.
    (b) Techniques of data collection.
    (c) Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability, and validity.
  4. Sociological Thinkers:
    (a) Karl Marx- Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
    (b) Emile Durkheim- Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion, and society.
    (c) Max Weber- Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic, and the spirit of capitalism.
    (d) Talcolt Parsons- Social system, pattern variables.
    (e) Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.
    (f) Mead – Self and identity.
  5. Stratification and Mobility:
    (a) Concepts- equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty, and deprivation.
    (b) Theories of social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.
    (c) Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity, and race.
    (d) Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources, and causes of mobility.
  6. Works and Economic Life:
    (a) Social organization of work in different types of society- slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.
    (b) Formal and informal organization of work.
    (c) Labor and society.
  7. Politics and Society:
    (a) Sociological theories of power.
    (b) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.
    (c) Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
    (d) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
  8. Religion and Society:
    (a) Sociological theories of religion.
    (b) Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.
    (c) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.
  9. Systems of Kinship:
    (a) Family, household, marriage.
    (b) Types and forms of family.
    Employment News 31 May – 6 June 2014 www.employmentnews.gov.in 47
    (c) Lineage and descent.
    (d) Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.
    (e) Contemporary trends.
  10. Social Change in Modern Society:
    (a) Sociological theories of social change.
    (b) Development and dependency.
    (c) Agents of social change.
    (d) Education and social change.
    (e) Science, technology and social change.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SOCIOLOGY SYLLABUS PAPER – 2

INDIAN SOCIETY: STRUCTURE AND CHANGE

A. Introducing Indian Society:
(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:
(a) Indology (GS. Ghurye).
(b) Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A R Desai).

(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :
(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms.

B. Social Structure:
(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies.
(b) Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

(ii) Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of caste system.
(c) Untouchability – forms and perspectives.

(iii) Tribal communities in India:
(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.

(iv) Social Classes in India:
(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:
(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.

(vi) Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.

C. Social Changes in India:
(i) Visions of Social Change in India:
(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law and social change.
(c) Education and social change.

(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:
(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change.
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanization in India:
(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) Informal sector, child labour.
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

(iv) Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
(d) Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:
(a) Peasants and farmers movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movement.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.

(vi) Population Dynamics:
(a) Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
(b) Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
(c) Population policy and family planning.
(d) Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child, and infant mortality, reproductive health.

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:
(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustain-ability.
(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.

Civil services sociology main syllabus topics are linked with each other. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the sociology subject. Thoroughly analyze the previous papers before you decide on your focus areas. It is recommended that while preparing student must keep this UPSC mains psychology syllabus to check the progress.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS Statistics Exam Syllabus

UPSC IAS MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS STATISTICS EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided IAS MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams. Also Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2017. CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Statistics is one of the optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Irrespective of the academic background anyone can attempt for mains Statistics exam. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Statistics paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Statistics mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of upsc Statistics mains exam.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS

Also Read:

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS PAPER – I

  1. Probability:
    Sample space and events, probability measure and probability space, random variable as a measurable function, distribution function of a random variable, discrete and continuous-type random variable, probability mass function, probability density function, vector-valued random variable, marginal and conditional distributions, stochastic independence of events and of random variables, expectation and moments of a random variable, conditional expectation, convergence of a sequence of random variable in distribution, in probability, in p-th mean and almost everywhere, their criteria and inter-relations, Chebyshev’s inequality and Khintchine‘s weak law of large numbers, strong law of large numbers and Kolmogoroff’s theorems, probability generating function, moment generating function, characteristic function, inversion theorem, Linderberg and Levy forms of central limit theorem, standard discrete and continuous probability distributions.
  2. Statistical Inference:
    Consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency, sufficiency, completeness, ancillary statistics, factorization theorem, exponential family of distribution and its properties, uniformly minimum variance unbiased (UMVU) estimation, Rao-Blackwell and Lehmann-Scheffe theorems, Cramer- Rao inequality for single parameter. Estimation by methods of moments, maximum likelihood, least squares, minimum chi-square and modified minimum chi square, properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators, asymptotic efficiency, prior and posterior distributions, loss function, risk function, and minimax estimator. Bayes estimators.
    Non-randomised and randomised tests, critical function, MP tests, Neyman- Pearson lemma, UMP tests, monotone likelihood ratio, similar and unbiased tests, UMPU tests for single parameter likelihood ratio test and its asymptotic distribution. Confidence bounds and its relation with tests.
    Kolmogoroff’s test for goodness of fit and its consistency, sign test and its optimality. Wilcoxon signed-ranks test and its consistency, Kolmogorov-Smirnov two sample test, run test, Wilcoxon-Mann- Whitney test and median test, their consistency and asymptotic normality.
    Wald’s SPRT and its properties, OC and ASN functions for tests regarding parameters for Bernoulli, Poisson, normal and exponential distributions. Wald’s fundamental identity.
  3. Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis:
    Linear statistical models’, theory of least squares and analysis of variance, Gauss- Markoff theory, normal equations, least squares estimates and their precision, test of significance and interval estimates based on least squares theory in oneway, two-way and three-way classified data, regression analysis, linear regression, curvilinear regression and orthogonal polynomials, multiple regression, multiple and partial correlations, estimation of variance and covariance components, multivariate normal distribution, Mahalanobis-D2 and Hotelling’s T2 statistics and their applications and properties, discriminant analysis, canonical correlations, principal component analysis.
  4. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments:
    An outline of fixed-population and super population approaches, distinctive features of finite population sampling, probability sampling designs, simple random sampling with and without replacement, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling and its efficacy , cluster sampling, two-stage and multi-stage sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation involving one or more auxiliary variables, two-phase sampling, probability proportional to size sampling with and without replacement, the Hansen-Hurwitz and the Horvitz-Thompson estimators, non-negative variance estimation with reference to the Horvitz-Thompson estimator, non-sampling errors.
    Fixed effects model (two-way classification) random and mixed effects models (two-way classification with equal observation per cell), CRD, RBD, LSD and their analyses, incomplete block designs, concepts of orthogonality and balance, BIBD, missing plot technique, factorial experiments and 2n and 32, confounding in factorial experiments, split-plot and simple lattice designs, transformation of data Duncan’s multiple range test.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS STATISTICS EXAM SYLLABUS PAPER – 2

 

  1. Industrial Statistics:
    Process and product control, general theory of control charts, different types of control charts for variables and attributes, X, R, s, p, np and c charts, cumulative sum chart. Single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes, OC, ASN, AOQ and ATI curves, concepts of producer’s and consumer’s risks, AQL, LTPD and AOQL, Sampling plans for variables, Use of Dodge-Romig tables.
    Concept of reliability, failure rate and reliability functions, reliability of series and parallel systems and other simple configurations, renewal density and renewal function, Failure models: exponential, Weibull, normal, lognormal.
    Problems in life testing, censored and truncated experiments for exponential models.
  2. Optimization Techniques:
    Different types of models in Operations Research, their construction and general methods of solution, simulation and Monte-Carlo methods formulation of linear programming (LP) problem, simple LP model and its graphical solution, the simplex procedure, the two-phase method and the M-technique with artificial variables, the duality theory of LP and its economic interpretation, sensitivity analysis, transportation and assignment problems, rectangular games, two-person zero-sum games, methods of solution (graphical and algebraic).
    Replacement of failing or deteriorating items, group and individual replacement policies, concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems, simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead time, storage models with particular reference to dam type.
    Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chain’s, transition probability matrix, classification of states and ergodic theorems, homogeneous continuous-time Markov chains, Poisson process, elements of queuing theory, M/M/1, M/M/K, G/M/1 and M/G/1 queues.
    Solution of statistical problems on computers using well-known statistical software packages like SPSS.
  3. Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics:
    Determination of trend, seasonal and cyclical components, Box-Jenkins method, tests for stationary series, ARIMA models and determination of orders of autoregressive and moving average components, forecasting.
    Commonly used index numbers- Laspeyre’s, Paasche’s and Fisher’s ideal index numbers, chain-base index number, uses and limitations of index numbers, index number of wholesale prices, consumer prices, agricultural production and industrial production, test for index numbers – proportionality, time-reversal, factor-reversal and circular .
    General linear model, ordinary least square and generalized least squares methods of estimation, problem of multicollinearity, consequences and solutions of multicollinearity, autocorrelation and its consequences, heteroscedasticity of disturbances and its testing, test for independence of disturbances, concept of structure and model for simultaneous equations, problem of identification-rank and order conditions of identifiability, two stage least square method of estimation.
    Present official statistical system in India relating to population, agriculture, industrial production, trade and prices, methods of collection of official statistics, their reliability and limitations, principal publications containing such statistics, various official agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions.
  4. Demography and Psychometry:
    Demographic data from census, registration, NSS other surveys, their limitations and uses, definition, construction and uses of vital rates and ratios, measures of fertility, reproduction rates, morbidity rate, standardized death rate, complete and abridged life tables, construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns, uses of life tables, logistic and other population growth curves, fitting a logistic curve, population projection, stable population, quasi-stable population, techniques in estimation of demographic parameters, standard classification by cause of death, health surveys and use of hospital statistics.
    Methods of standardisation of scales and tests, Z-scores, standard scores, T Scores, percentile scores, intelligence quotient and its measurement and uses, validity and reliability of test scores and its determination, use of factor analysis and path analysis in psychometry.

Go through the entire syllabus carefully to make strategy for civil services statistics preparation. Writing practice is very imp. Practice answer writing of all the previous year questions asked. While preparing students should keep this civil services statistics paper to check the progress.

Also, Share following articles to students who are preparing for UPSC Exam 2017 & 2018.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS Zoology Exam syllabus

UPSC IAS MAINS ZOOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS ZOOLOGY EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided IAS MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams. Also Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2017. CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Zoology is one of the optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Mains zoology is preferable for biological or allied science student. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Zoology paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Zoology mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of upsc Zoology mains exam.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY SYLLABUS

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS

Also Read:

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY SYLLABUS PAPER – I

  1. Non-chordata and Chordata:
    (a) Classification and relationship of various phyla up to subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Status of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry.
    (b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; General features 48 www.employmentnews.gov.in Employment News 31 May – 6 June 2014 and life history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium and Leishmania.
    (c) Porifera: Skeleton, canal system and reproduction.
    (d) Cnidaria: Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism; coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general features and life history of Obelia and Aurelia.
    (e) Platyhelminthes: Parasitic adaptation; general features and life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their pathogenic symptoms.
    (f) Nemathelminthes: General features, life history, parasitic adaptation of Ascaris and Wuchereria.
    (g) Annelida: Coelom and metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes; general features and life history of Nereis, earthworm and leach.
    (h) Arthropoda: Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea; vision and respiration in arthropods (Prawn, cockroach and scorpion); modification of mouth parts in insects (cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and butterfly); metamorphosis in insect and its hormonal regulation, social behaviour of Apis and termites.
    (i) Mollusca: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, general features and life history of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, torsion and detorsion in gastropods.
    (j) Echinodermata: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, larval forms, general features and life history of Asterias.
    (k) Protochordata: Origin of chordates; general features and life history of Branchiostoma and Herdmania.
    (l) Pisces: Respiration, locomotion and migration.
    (m) Amphibia: Origin of tetrapods, parental care, paedomorphosis.
    (n) Reptilia: Origin of reptiles, skull types, status of Sphenodon and crocodiles.
    (o) Aves: Origin of birds, flight adaptation, migration.
    (p) Mammalia: Origin of mammals, dentition, general features of egg laying mammals, pouched-mammals, aquatic mammals and primates, endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads) and their interrelationships.
    (q) Comparative functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates (integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory organs, digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory system including heart and aortic arches, urino-genital system, brain and sense organs (eye and ear).
  1. Ecology:
    (a) Biosphere: Concept of biosphere; biomes, Biogeochemical cycles, Human induced changes in atmosphere including green house effect, ecological succession, biomes and ecotones, community ecology.
    (b) Concept of ecosystem; structure and function of ecosystem, types of ecosystem, ecological succession, ecological adaptation.
    (c) Population; characteristics, population dynamics, population stabilization.
    (d) Biodiversity and diversity conservation of natural resources.
    (e) Wildlife of India.
    (f) Remote sensing for sustainable development.
    (g) Environmental biodegradation, pollution and its impact on biosphere and its prevention.
  2. Ethology:
    (a) Behaviour: Sensory filtering, reponsive- ness, sign stimuli, learning and memory, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.
    (b) Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading; crypsis, predator detection, predator tactics, social hierarchies in primates, social organization in insects.
    (c) Orientation, navigation, homing, biological rhythms, biological clock, tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.
    (d) Methods of studying animal behaviour including sexual conflict, selfishness, kinship and altruism.
  3. Economic Zoology:
    (a) Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn culture, vermiculture.
    (b) Major infectious and communicable diseases (malaria, filaria, tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, pathogens and prevention.
    (c) Cattle and livestock diseases, their pathogen (helminthes) and vectors (ticks, mites, Tabanus, Stomoxys).
    (d) Pests of sugar cane (Pyrilla perpusiella) oil seed (Achaea janata) and rice (Sitophilus oryzae).
    (e) Transgenic animals.
    (f) Medical biotechnology, human genetic disease and genetic counselling, gene therapy.
    (g) Forensic biotechnology.
  1. Biostatistics:
    Designing of experiments; null hypothesis; correlation, regression, distribution and measure of central tendency, chi square, student-test, F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).
  2. Instrumentation Methods:
    (a) Spectrophotometer, phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy, radioactive tracer, ultra centrifuge, gel electrophoresis, PCR, ELISA, FISH and chromosome painting.
    (b) Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM).

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ZOOLOGY SYLLABUS PAPER – 2

  1. Cell Biology:
    (a) Structure and function of cell and its organelles (nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, and lysosomes), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), mitotic spindle and mitotic apparatus, chromosome movements, chromosome type polytene and lambrush, organization of chromatin, heterochromatin, Cell cycle regulation.
    (b) Nucleic acid topology, DNA motif, DNA replication, transcription, RNA processing, translation, protein foldings and transport.
  2. Genetics:
    (a) Modern concept of gene, split gene, genetic regulation, genetic code.
    (b) Sex chromosomes and their evolution, sex determination in Drosophila and man.
    (c) Mendel’s laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, multiple alleles, genetics of blood groups, pedigree analysis, hereditary diseases in man.
    (d) Mutations and mutagenesis.
    (e) Recombinant DNA technology; plasmid, cosmid, artificial chromosomes as vectors, transgenic, DNA cloning and whole animal cloning (principles and methods).
    (f) Gene regulation and expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
    (g) Signal molecules, cell death, defects in signaling pathway and consequences.
    (h) RFLP, RAPD and AFLP and application of RFLP in DNA finger printing, ribozyme technologies, human genome project, genomics and protomics.
  3. Evolution:
    (a) Theories of origin of life.
    (b) Theories of evolution; Natural selection, role of mutations in evolution, evolutionary patterns, molecular drive, mimicry, variation, isolation and speciation.
    (c) Evolution of horse, elephant and man using fossil data.
    (d) Hardy-Weinberg Law.
    (e) Continental drift and distribution of animals.
  4. Systematics:
    Zoological nomenclature, international code, cladistics, molecular taxonomy and biodiversity.
  5. Biochemistry:
    (a) Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, fatty acids and cholesterol, proteins and amino-acids, nucleic acids. Bioenergetics.
    b) Glycolysis and Kreb cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative phosphorylation, energy conservation and release, ATP cycle, cyclic AMP – its structure and role.
    (c) Hormone classification (steroid and peptide hormones), biosynthesis and functions.
    (d) Enzymes: types and mechanisms of action.
    (e) Vitamins and co-enzymes
    (f) Immunoglobulin and immunity.
  6. Physiology (with special reference to mammals):
    (a) Composition and constituents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor in man, factors and mechanism of coagulation, iron metabolism, acidbase balance, thermo-regulation, anticoagulants.
    (b) Haemoglobin: Composition, types and role in transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide.
    (c) Digestion and absorption: Role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and intestinal glands.
    (d) Excretion: nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmo-regulation and excretory product
    (e) Muscles: Types, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles, effects of exercise on muscles.
    (f) Neuron: nerve impulse – its conduction and synaptic transmission, neurotransmitters.
    (g) Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
    (h) Physiology of reproduction, puberty and menopause in human.
  7. Developmental Biology:
    (a) Gametogenesis; spermatogenesis, composition of semen, in vitro and in vivo capacitation of mammalian sperm, Oogenesis, totipotency; fertilization, morphogenesis and morphogen, blastogenesis, establishment of body axes formation, fate map, gestulation in frog and chick; genes in development in chick, homeotic genes, development of eye and heart, placenta in mammals.
    (b) Cell lineage, cell-to cell interaction, Genetic and induced teratogenesis, role of thyroxine in control of metamorphosis in amphibia, paedogenesis and neoteny, cell death, aging.
    (c) Developmental genes in man, in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, cloning.
    (d) Stem cells: Sources, types and their use in human welfare.
    (e) Biogenetic law.

Zoology students should prepare all theories, classifications, diagrams of the syllabus thoroughly. Zoology questions from previous papers are direct and fundamental in nature. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in civil services zoology paper. It is strongly recommended that student keep this civil services zoology syllabus.

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UPSC MAINS Anthropology Exam syllabus 2017

UPSC IAS MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided IAS MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams. Also Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2017. CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS 2017: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In UPSC mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Anthropology is one of the interesting optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Irrespective of the academic background anyone can attempt for mains sociology exam. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Anthropology paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each sociology mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of UPSC Anthropology mains exam.

UPSC MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS 2017

UPSC MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS 2017

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CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS PAPER – I

1.1 Meaning, scope and development of Anthropology.

1.2 Relationships with other disciplines: Social Sciences, Behavioural Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Humanities.

1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance:
(a) Social- cultural Anthropology.
(b) Biological Anthropology.
(c) Archaeological Anthropology.
(d) Linguistic Anthropology.

1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man:
(a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution.
(b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre- Darwinian, Darwinian and Post- Darwinian).
(c) Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, parallelism, convergence, adaptive radiation, and mosaic evolution).

1.5 Characteristics of Primates; Evolutionary Trend and Primate Taxonomy; Primate Adaptations; (Arboreal and Terrestrial) Primate Taxonomy; Primate Behaviour; Tertiary and Quaternary fossil primates; Living Major Primates; Comparative Anatomy of Man and Apes; Skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications.

1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution of the following:

(a) Plio-pleistocene hominids in South and East Africa – Australopithecines.
(b) Homo erectus: Africa (Paranthropus), Europe (Homo erectus heidelber-gensis), Asia (Homo erectus javanicus, Homo erectus pekinensis).
(c) Neanderthal Man- La-Chapelle-auxsaints (Classical type), Mt. Carmel (Progressive type).
(d) Rhodesian man.
(e) Homo sapiens — Cromagnon, Grimaldi and Chancelede.

1.7 The biological basis of life: The Cell, DNA structure and replication, Protein Synthesis, Gene, Mutation, Chromosomes, and Cell Division.

1.8 (a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.
(b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures:
(i) Paleolithic
(ii) Mesolithic
(iii) Neolithic
(iv) Chalcolithic
(v) Copper-Bronze Age
(vi) Iron Age

2.1 The Nature of Culture: The concept and characteristics of culture and civilization; Ethnocentrism vis-à-vis cultural Relativism.

2.2 The Nature of Society: Concept of Society; Society and Culture; Social Institutions; Social groups; and Social stratification.

2.3 Marriage: Definition and universality; Laws of marriage (endogamy, exogamy, hypergamy, hypogamy, incest taboo); Types of marriage (monogamy, polygamy, polyandry, group marriage). Functions of marriage; Marriage regulations (preferential, prescriptive and proscriptive); Marriage payments (bride wealth and dowry).

2.4 Family: Definition and universality; Family, household and domestic groups; functions of family; Types of family (from the perspectives of structure, blood relation, marriage, residence and succession); Impact of urbanization, industrialization and feminist movements on family.

2.5 Kinship: Consanguinity and Affinity; Principles and types of descent (Unilineal, Double, Bilateral, Ambilineal); Forms of descent groups (lineage, clan, phratry, moiety and kindred); Kinship terminology (descriptive and classificatory); Descent, Filiation and Complimentary Filiation; Descent and Alliance.

3. Economic organization: Meaning, scope and relevance of economic anthropology; Formalist and Substantivist debate; Principles governing production, distribution and exchange (reciprocity, redistribution and market), in communities, subsisting on hunting and gathering, fishing, swiddening, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture; globalization and indigenous economic systems.

4. Political organization and Social Control: Band, tribe, chiefdom, kingdom and state; concepts of power, authority and legitimacy; social control, law and justice in simple societies.

5. Religion: Anthropological approaches to the study of religion (evolutionary, psychological and functional); monotheism and polytheism; sacred and profane; myths and rituals; forms of religion in tribal and peasant societies (animism, animatism, fetishism, naturism and totemism); religion, magic and science distinguished; magico- religious functionaries (priest, shaman, medicine man, sorcerer and witch).

6. Anthropological theories:
(a) Classical evolutionism (Tylor, Morgan and Frazer)
(b) Historical particularism (Boas); Diffusionism (British, German and American)
(c) Functionalism (Malinowski); Structural- functionalism (Radcliffe- Brown)
(d) Structuralism (L’evi – Strauss and E. Leach)
(e) Culture and personality (Benedict, Mead, Linton, Kardiner and Cora – du Bois).
(f) Neo – evolutionism (Childe, White, Steward, Sahlins and Service)
(g) Cultural materialism (Harris)
(h) Symbolic and interpretive theories (Turner, Schneider and Geertz)
(i) Cognitive theories (Tyler, Conklin)
(j) Post- modernism in anthropology

7. Culture, language and communication:
Nature, origin and characteristics of language; verbal and non-verbal communication – 28 www.employmentnews.gov.in Employment News 31 May – 6 June 2014; social context of language use.

8. Research methods in anthropology:
(a) Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
(b) Distinction between technique, method and methodology
(c) Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods.
(d) Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.

9.1 Human Genetics: Methods and Application: Methods for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedigree analysis, twin study, foster child, co-twin method, cytogenetic method, chromosomal and karyo-type analysis), biochemical methods, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology, and recombinant technologies.

9.2 Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal and polygenic inheritance in man.

9.3 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendelian population, Hardy- Weinberg law; causes and changes which bring down frequency – mutation, isolation, migration, selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating, genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages.

9.4 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology.
(a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders).
(b) Sex chromosomal aberrations – Klinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO), Super female (XXX), intersex and other syndromic disorders.
(c) Autosomal aberrations – Down syndrome, Patau, Edward and Cri-duchat syndromes.
(d) Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counseling, human DNA profiling, gene mapping and genome study.

9.5 Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment; biological basis of racial classification, racial differentiation, and race crossing in man.

9.6 Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. Physiological characteristics- Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups.

9.7 Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology. Bio-cultural Adaptations – Genetic and Non- genetic factors. Man’s physiological responses to environmental stresses: hot desert, cold, high altitude climate.

9.8 Epidemiological Anthropology: Health and disease. Infectious and non-infectious diseases. Nutritional deficiency related diseases.

10. Concept of human growth and development: stages of growth – pre-natal, natal, infant, childhood, adolescence, maturity, senescence.
– Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical, nutritional, cultural and socio-economic.
– Ageing and senescence. Theories and observations – biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes.
Methodologies for growth studies.

11.1 Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials.

11.2 Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural.

11.3 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.

12. Applications of Anthropology:
Anthropology of sports, Nutritional anthropology, Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments, Forensic Anthropology, Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction, Applied human genetics – Paternity diagnosis, genetic counseling and eugenics, DNA technology in diseases and medicine, serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS ANTHROPOLOGY EXAM SYLLABUS PAPER – II

1.1 Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization — Prehistoric (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Neolithic – Chalcolithic). Protohistoric (Indus Civilization): Pre- Harappan, Harappan and post- Harappan cultures. Contributions of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.

1.2 Palaeo – anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man).

1.3 Ethno-archaeology in India : The concept of ethno-archaeology; Survivals and Parallels among the hunting, foraging, fishing, pastoral and peasant communities including arts and crafts producing communities.

2. Demographic profile of India — Ethnic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population – factors influencing its structure and growth.

3.1 The structure and nature of traditional Indian social system — Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma, Rina and Rebirth.

3.2 Caste system in India- structure and characteristics, Varna and caste, Theories of origin of caste system, Dominant caste, Caste mobility, Future of caste system, Jajmani system, Tribecaste continuum.

3.3 Sacred Complex and Nature- Man- Spirit Complex.

3.4 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.

4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.

5.1 Indian Village: Significance of village study in India; Indian village as a social system; Traditional and changing patterns of settlement and inter-caste relations; Agrarian relations in Indian villages; Impact of globalization on Indian villages.

5.2 Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status.

5.3 Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Moderni-zation; Inter-play of little and great traditions; Panchayati raj and social change; Media and social change.

6.1 Tribal situation in India – Bio-genetic variability, linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of tribal populations and their distribution.

6.2 Problems of the tribal Communities — land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition.

6.3 Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal populations.

7.1 Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.

7.2 Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections.

7.3 The concept of ethnicity; Ethnic conflicts and political developments; Unrest among tribal communities; Regionalism and demand for autonomy; Pseudo-tribalism; Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India.

8.1 Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies.

8.2 Tribe and nation state — a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.

9.1 History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.

9.2 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development.

9.3 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.

Anthropology is one of scoring optional in UPSC civil services exam. Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within societies of the past and present. Civil services Anthropology syllabus easy to grasp especially for science graduates. Revise UPSC Anthropology syllabus and previous papers as much as you can.

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CIVIL SERVICES Indian Language Papers List

Check IAS (CIVIL SERVICES), IFS, IES and other UPSC Exam INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPERS LIST. In this article, we’ve provided UPSC INDIAN LANGUAGE EXAM PAPERS LIST. The Civil services main examination will consist of two qualifying papers paper A and paper B. In paper A one of the Indian languages is to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the eighth schedule to the constitution. The civil services papers on Indian languages and English (paper A and paper B) will be of matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. 300 marks for any Indian language paper. Mains qualifying Indian language paper will be of three hours’ duration. Here is a list of civil services Indian language papers.

UPSC EXAMS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPERS LIST

UPSC MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPERS LIST

 

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IAS (CIVIL SERVICES), IES, IFS and other UPSC Exam INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPERS LIST

            Language                           Script       

  1. Assamese                              Assamese
  2. Bengali                                  Bengali
  3. Gujarati                                Gujarati
  4. Hindi                                     Devanagari
  5. Kannada                               Kannada
  6. Kashmiri                               Persian
  7. Konkani                                Devanagari
  8. Malayalam                            Malayalam
  9. Manipuri                               Bengali
  10. Marathi                                 Devanagari
  11. Nepali                                    Devanagari
  12. Oriya                                      Oriya
  13. Punjabi                                  Gurumukhi
  14. Sanskrit                                 Devanagari
  15. Sindhi                                    Devanagari or Arabic
  16. Tamil                                     Tamil
  17. Telugu                                   Telugu
  18. Urdu                                      Persian
  19. Bodo                                      Devanagari
  20. Dogri                                     Devanagari
  21. Maithilli                               Devanagari
  22. Santhali                                Devanagari or Olchiki

The papers on Indian languages and English (paper A and paper B) will be of matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature.

The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. Evaluation of the papers, namely, essay, general studies, and optional subject of all candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on Indian languages and English but the papers on essay, general studies and optional subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in Indian language and 25% marks in English as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.

However, the commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all of the civil services papers.

For santhli language, the question paper will be printed in Devanagari script, but candidates will be free to answer either in Devanagari script or Olchiki. In this article, we will discuss the civil services Indian languages paper and some important note to remember before going to the mains qualifying papers.

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