How to Prepare UPSC Mains Psychology Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Psychology Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Psychology Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Psychology optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Psychology Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Psychology Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Psychology is the study of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought. It is an academic discipline and a social science which seeks to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Psychology Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Psychology Paper

UPSC MAINS PSYCHOLOGY SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Psychology Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Psychology Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Psychology Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Psychology Paper

Civil Services Psychology part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Psychology – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Psychology is getting very popular as an optional subject these days. Only four to five standard books are more than enough to prepare Psychology optional in depth. If you have even a moderate interest in Psychology, try to go through some books of university level. If you can develop logic, see your understanding going in any direction and it does not bore you, it’s for you. Once you begin understanding Psychology, you have the chances that you can exploit it at any level.

Books for Psychology Optional

  • Introduction to Psychology Morgan & King
  • Atkinson
  • Psychology Robert A Baron
  • Social Psychology Baron & Byrne
  • Eysench – “Psychology-Ashrdent’s Handbook”
  • Chaplin and Kraweik – Systems and theories of psychology
  • Psychology XI & XII Std NCERT

Why One Should Choose Psychology Optional

  • Short syllabus than that of other subjects
  • The entire syllabus can be completed in just two and half months.
  • Availability of good coaching centres and study materials
  • Second paper is relatively open ended.
  • It involves topics which can be answered in the exam even with general knowledge/awareness.

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Psychology, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Psychology carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Psychology for IAS Mains

Study approach for Psychology

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

Content involves the following:

(a) Conceptual understanding.
(b) Facts.
(c) Manipulating the facts.
(d) Something new, in terms of knowledge base or linkages or ingenuity or diagrams
1. Conceptual understanding – of the subject matter is most important. Give a layman’s interpretation to the concepts and relate it with mundane example for long term memory.
2. Facts – After conceptual understanding, the second step is memorizing the important facts. For example – some important theoretical aspects are to be memorized to attempt any question related to the spatial analysis of the subject matter.
3. Something New – new diagrams, new ideas, original ideas, new content, latest reports, linkages etc. However, one has to be cautious that a balance is maintained and the ideas are not too radical. Also it should be well integrated with the answer.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Psychology 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

UPSC Indian Forest Services IFS Prelims Notification 2017

Download UPSC Indian Forest Services IFS Prelims Notification 2017. The Union Public Service Commission is inviting qualified candidates to apply for UPSC Indian Forest Service Exam 2017 Notification. The application form will begin on 22nd February 2017 and the last date to submit application form is 17th March 2017. Candidates can check their qualification to UPSC IFS 2017 and go to apply online application form link.

Also Check :UPSC IFS EXAM PATTERN 2017 – Subjects & Exam Details

This is the best chance for that candidate who is having Bachelors Degree and desire to work with the government. Coming to the filling and submitting an application form for UPSC Indian Forest Service Notification 2017 the applicants will be called for selection rounds. The Union Public Service Commission is providing great opportunity by releasing UPSC Indian Forest Service Notification 2017 for 110 vacancies. The distribution of vacancies offered to each category is provided in the below UPSC IFS notification 2017.

UPSC Indian Forest Services IFS Prelims Notification 2017

UPSC Indian Forest Service IFS Prelims Notification 2017

Organisation Name Union Public Service Commission
Job Type Central Government Jobs
Name of The Posts Indian Forest Service
Total No. of Posts 110
Location India
Application Mode Online
Starting Date To Apply 22/02/2017
Last Date To Apply 17/03/2017
Last Date To Pay Application Fee 16/03/2017
UPSC IFS Prelims Exam Date 18/06/2017
Official Website www.upsc.gov.in

UPSC 110 Indian Forest Service Vacancies – Apply Online 

UPSC Indian Forest Service Notification 2017 is available on its official page to read and apply. As per UPSC Indian Forest Service Notification 2017 candidates must possess Bachelor’s Degree from approved institute or University. The Commission conducts written examination, physical qualification test, and individual interview to select for the UPSC Indian Forest Service jobs. In the first stage selection process, the commission conducts a preliminary exam. The UPSC IFS prelims exam 2017 is scheduled to be held on 18th June 2017. So all willing candidates can apply UPSC IFS Exam 2017 Notification by paying application fee mentioned in Official Advt. Candidates who are willing to apply for UPSC Indian Forest Service exam 2017 must have an age limit in between 21 to 32 years as on 01 August 2017. For mored details on UPSC IFS Recruitment 2017, you have to stay associated with this page.

UPSC Indian Forest Service Exam 2017 Eligibility Criteria

Education Qualification:

You must hold a Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects – Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture, Forestry or in Engineering.

Number of Attempts: Six attempts not applicable in case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe.

Age Limit:

  • Minimum: 21 years.
  • Maximum: 32 years.

Selection Criteria:

  • Prelims Examination.
  • Mains Examination.
  • Interview.

Application Fee:

General Category Applicants (Male): Rs.100/-.

Female/SC/ST/PH Category Applicants: No Fee.

UPSC Notification 2017 UPSC Exam Dates 2017 UPSC Prelims Syllabus
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern UPSC Reference Books UPSC Eligibility
UPSC Mains Exams Pattern UPSC Question papers UPSC IAS Preparation Tips
UPSC IAS Exam Application UPSC Admit Card UPSC Results

How to Apply UPSC IFS Recruitment 2017

  • Go to the online portal “www.upsconline.nic.in”
  • Click on the Online link for various examination link
  • Look for the Indian Forest Service examination and
  • Click on the Part I Registration and fill the registration
  • After filling the Part I Registration
  • Registration number will be generated,
  • Click on the Part II Registration link and enter the registration number
  • Fill the Part II Registration form and click on the submit button

Important Dates:

Opening Date For Online Applications: 22nd February 2017.

Closing Date For Online Applications: 17th March 2017.

Last Date For Payment of Fee Through Cash: 16th March 2017.

Examination Date: 18th June 2017.

Main Examination Date: December 2017.

 

IFS Mains Exam Pattern

Paper Subject Marks
Paper I General English 300
Paper II General Knowledge 300
Paper III Optional Subject 1 200
Paper IV Optional Subject 1 200
Paper V Optional Subject 2 200
Paper VI Optional Subject 2 200
Total 1400

After written examination, interview for personality test will be of 300 marks.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Statistics Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Statistics Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Statistics Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Statistics optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Statistics Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Statistics Paper 2017

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Statistics Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Statistics Paper

UPSC MAINS STATISTICS SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Statistics Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Statistics Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Statistics Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Statistics Paper

Books On Statistics for IAS Exam

  • Introductory Probability and Statistical Applications – Paul Meyer
  • An Introduction to Probability Theory & Mathematical Statistics -V K Rohtagi
  • Fundamentals of Statistics (2 Vol.)- A M Goon, M K Gupta and B Dass Gupta
  • An Outline of Statistical Theory (2 Vol.) -A M Goon, M K Gupta and B .Dass Gupta
  • Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics-A C Gupta and V K Kapoor
  • Fundamentals of Applied Statistics-S C Gupta and V K Kapoor
  • Sampling Techniques-William G. Cochran
  • Sampling Theory of Surveys with applications – B. V Sukhatme & B V Sukhatm

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Statistics, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Statistics carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Statistics 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Political Science and International Relations Paper

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Political Science and International Relations Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Political Science and International Relations Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Political Science and International Relations optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Political Science and International Relations Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Political Science and International Relations Paper

UPSC Mains Political science is a social science which deals with systems of government, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts and political behaviour. It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics which is commonly thought of as determining of the distribution of power and resources.

International relations is an academic discipline that focuses on the study of the interaction of the actors in international politics, including states and non-state actors, such as the United Nations (UN), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and Amnesty International. One of the key features of the international system is that it’s a state of anarchy – each state in the system is sovereign and does not have to answer to a higher authority.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Political Science and International Relations Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Political Science and International Relations Paper

UPSC MAINS POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Political Science and International Relations Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Political Science and International Relations Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Political Science and International Relations Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Political Science and International Relations Paper

Books for Political Science and International Relations Optional

REFERENCE BOOKS AND STUDY MATERIAL

Paper I – Part A (POLITICAL THEORY AND INDIAN POLITICS)

Part A is mostly theoretical and static in nature and one can master this section by understanding the basics thoroughly. Contents can be sub divided into 4 groups:

1) Political Theory:

  • Introduction to political theory – OP Gauba
  • Political Theory – Rajeev Bhargava
  • IGNOU Material on Political theories

2) Political Ideologies:

  • Political Ideologies – Andrew Heywood
  • Political Theory – Rajeev Bhargava
  • IGNOU material on Political theories

3) Indian Political Thought:

  • Foundations of Indian Political Thought – VP Verma
  • IGNOU Material

4) Western Political Thought:

  • Western Political Thought – OP Gauba

Paper I – Part B (INDIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS)

Part B is highly dynamic in nature and linked to history and polity portion of GS.

1) Nationalism and Making of Indian Constitution:

  • Bipin Chandra – Indian struggle of independence

2) Salient Features of the Indian Constitution, Principal Organs of the Union/State Government, Grassroots Democracy, Statutory Institutions/Commissions, Federalism:

  • Indian Polity – Laxmikanth
  • Newspapers – Hindu, Indian Express

3) Planning and Economic Development, Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics, Party System, Social Movements

  • IGNOU material
  • Indian politics student edition

Paper II – Part A (COMPARATIVE POLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS)

  • Global politics – Andrew Heywood
  • Comparative Politics – J.C Johari
  • IGNOU material
  • Newspaper and Magazines

Paper II – Part B (INDIA AND THE WORLD)

This is mostly a dynamic section and deals with India’s foreign policies.

  • Newspapers – Hindu, Indian Express
  • Does the Elephant Dance – David Malone
  • Pax Indica – Shashi Tharoor
  • MEA Website, IDSA
  • Indian Foreign Policy – Rajeev Sikri
  • Yojana

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Political Science and International Relations, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Political Science and International Relations carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Political Science and International Relations for IAS Mains

Study approach for Political Science and International Relations

Political Science and International Relations Paper I

Part 1

This section can be divided into four parts : Political Theory, Indian Political Thought,Western Political Thought and Political Ideologies.

For Political Theory, my basic text was Andrew Heywood’s “Political Theory” which helped me attain conceptual clarity in all fundamental topics like Equality,Rights,Power,Liberty and Democracy. Once Heywood is done, we can move on to O.P.Gauba. But O.P.Gauba has it’s utility because it fills the gaps in Andrew Heywood and it is written keeping in mind an Indian syllabus. So numbers 1 to 7 (refer syllabus)in Part 1 of Paper I can be mastered by thorough reading of Heywood followed by selective reading of Gauba.

For Political Ideologies, Political Ideologies by Andrew Heywood is a gift from Heaven. Look no further. Gandhism alone can be covered in Indian Political Thought.

For Western Political Thought , the book by Brian Nelson is very good. This book covers some ideologies too. Some quotes and questions from Paper 1 related to Western thinkers in 2013 were directly from this book only. Gramsci and Hannah Arendt are missing in this book.

For Indian Political Thought , V.R.Mehta’s book is a good source to study even if the language is not easy to master. Ambedkar and Syed Ahmed Khan are missing in this book which can be covered in IGNOU PDFs.I read the original texts of “Annihilation of caste” and “Hind Swaraj”.

Part II

Indian Government and Politics:

We considered this entire section as an organic whole and the basic texts for it are B.L.Fadia, Laxmikanth, Ramachandra Guha and Bipan Chandra. But ultimately,this is a current affairs oriented section and we win or lose within the pages of a good newspaper.

Answers in these sections must have contemporary examples and can quote good authors. For example, for a question on “Marginalisation of Left Ideology in India” in 2014’s paper, I quoted Ramachandra Guha’s points from a piece for Caravan Magazine in June,2011. So, every weekend, few hours can be spent to browse websites of Indian Express, Outlook and India Today etc. There is a tendency to see Times of India as a frivolous page- 3 paper but it features columns of great writers like Sunil Khilnani and Gurcharan Das on a regular basis.

We would suggest columns of Ashutosh Varshney, Ramachandra Guha and Pratap Bhanu Mehta as mandatory reading for this section.

Political Science and International Relations Paper II

Part I
Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics:

This can be divided into two sections : Comparative Politics and International Relations.

Comparative Politics was the only portion in PSIR’s syllabus which never kindled my interest enough to do extensive reading. All I read for this section were IGNOU PDFs.

For International Relations,a wonderful introductory text is Globalisation of World Politics. This book is an absolute delight with great illustrations,brilliant design and most importantly,quality content. Any gaps in this book can be filled by selective reading of V.K.Malhotra’s “International Relations”.

Again,answers for this section can be written with references to recent examples. For example,an answer on National Security can mention Syrian crisis as an example.BBC website provides great summaries of all current international crises (Sample: See this).”Frontline” is a good Indian magazine to cover international events if one discounts it’s blinkered worldview.

Part II

For Indian foreign Policy, a topnotch introductory text is David Malone’s book. Gaps in this book can be filled by reading Shashi Tharoor OR Rajiv Sikri selectively.

But as anyone who saw/wrote 2014’s paper would know, even without reading any book, this section can be mastered if we follow The Hindu and good columnists regularly. Some expert foreign policy commentators include : C.Rajamohan, Brahma Challaney ,Suhasini Haidar and Srinath Raghavan. (For a question on India-Russia relations, I almost reproduced Srinath Raghavan’s viewpoints written in the pages of The Hindu five days before the exam.) I never read a single issue of World Focus (even though I bought so many issues only for them to rest in the attic) and relied more on these commentators I have mentioned.

Thus, PSIR can be mastered by a diverse reading habit along with very good writing. Why I insist on Andrew Heywood first (and not Gauba) and Srinath Raghavan (and not World Focus) is because when we read such lucidly written prose regularly, our writing will also gain finesse with time. So,our answers for PSIR should

i) introduce the statement in the question , analyse the viewpoints associated with it and conclude it . It is important to ensure our answers have a closure to it. We must not write like students appearing for B.A Pol. Sci exam.Rather,we must write like a bureaucrat submitting a report to a higher official.

ii) Our answers should have contemporary examples and touches.For example,a question on women panchayats should mention examples of successful and popular woman sarpanches.

iii) We can quote authors and columnists in answers. It adds to the intellectual heft of our viewpoints.

iv) Above all, reading more means writing better.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Political Science and International Relations 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

UPSC Indian Forest Services ISS Prelims Notification 2017

Download UPSC Indian Statistical Services ISS Prelims Notification 2017. The Union Public Service Commission is inviting qualified candidates to apply for UPSC Indian Statistical Service Exam 2017 Notification. The application form will begin on 8th February 2017 and the last date to submit application form is 3rd March 2017. Candidates can check their qualification to UPSC IES/ISS 2017 and go to apply online application form link.

This is the best chance for that candidate who is having Bachelors Degree and desire to work with the government. Coming to the filling and submitting an application form for UPSC Indian Statistical Service Notification 2017 the applicants will be called for selection rounds. The Union Public Service Commission is providing great opportunity by releasing UPSC Indian Statistical Service Notification 2017 for 110 vacancies. The distribution of vacancies offered to each category is provided in the below UPSC IES/ISS notification 2017.

UPSC Indian Forest Services ISS Prelims Notification 2017

UPSC Indian Statistical Service ISS Prelims Notification 2017

Organisation Name Union Public Service Commission
Job Type Central Government Jobs
Name of The Posts Indian Forest Service
Total No. of Posts 44
Location India
Application Mode Online
Starting Date To Apply 08/02/2017
Last Date To Apply 03/03/2017
Last Date To Pay Application Fee 02/03/2017
Salary Not Specified
Official Website www.upsc.gov.in

UPSC 44 Indian Statistical Service Vacancies – Apply Online 

UPSC Indian Economic Service Notification 2017 is available on its official page to read and apply. As per UPSC Indian Statistical Service Notification 2017 candidates must possess Bachelor’s Degree from approved institute or University. The Commission conducts written examination, physical qualification test, and individual interview to select for the UPSC Indian Forest Service jobs. In the first stage selection process, the commission conducts a preliminary exam. So all willing candidates can apply UPSC IES/ISS Exam 2017 Notification by paying application fee mentioned in Official Advt. For more details on UPSC IES Recruitment 2017, you have to stay associated with this page.

UPSC Indian Statistical Service Exam 2017 Eligibility Criteria

Nationality:

A candidate must be either:

(a) A citizen of India, or
(b) a subject of Nepal, or
(c) a subject of Bhutan, or
(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or
(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Age Limits:

A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years.

The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable in the following cases:

  • Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe: upto a maximum of five years.
  • Other Backward Classes: upto a maximum of three years.
  • State of Jammu & Kashmir (Domiciled during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to 31st December, 1989: upto a maximum of five years.
  • Defence Services personnel (disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof): upto a maximum of five years.
  • Ex-servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service and have been released (i) on completion of assignment otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or (ii) on  account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or (iii) on invalidment:  upto a maximum of five years.
  • ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three month’s notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment : upto a maximum of five years.
  • Blind, deaf-mute and Orthopaedically handicapped persons:  upto a maximum of ten years.

NOTE I:

Cumulative Age relaxation:

Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under other clauses mentioned above will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

Ex-servicemen eligibility:

The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

The age concession will not be admissible to Ex-Servicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs, who are released on own request.

NOTE II:

Date of Birth Certificate:

The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the university or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.

No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.

Once the date of birth is recorded in the Commission, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other Examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.

Educational Qualifications:

For admission to the examination, a candidate must have:

  • Post-graduate degree in Economics/Applied Economics/Busines Economics/Econometrics for IES
  • Post-Graduate degree in Statistics/Mathematical Statistics/Applied Statistics for ISS
  • Degree should be from a University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutes established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or a foreign university approved by the Central Govt. from time to time.
Note I : A candidate who has appeared in an exam required as a qualification but has not received the result or are planning to appear in the exam may apply for admission to the examination. Such candidates will be admitted to the examination but their admission would be considered provisional and they will be required a proof of passing at a later stage.
Note II : In exceptional cases, the UPSC may treat a candidate who has none of the foregoing qualifications as a qualified candidate provided that he/she has passed examination conducted by other Institutions, the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission, justifies his/her admission to the examination.
Note III : Candidates who have taken a degree from a foreign University may also apply to the Commission and may be admitted to the examination at the discretion of the Commission.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Philosophy Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Philosophy Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Philosophy Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Philosophy optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Philosophy Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Philosophy Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. 570 – c. 495 BC). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument and systematic presentation

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Philosophy Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Philosophy Paper

UPSC MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Philosophy Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Philosophy Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Philosophy Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Philosophy Paper

Civil Services Philosophy part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Philosophy – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Philosophy is getting very popular as an optional subject these days. Only four to five standard books are more than enough to prepare Philosophy optional in depth. If you have even a moderate interest in philosophy, try to go through some books of university level. If you can develop logic, see your understanding going in any direction and it does not bore you, it’s for you. Once you begin understanding philosophy, you have the chances that you can exploit it at any level.

Books for Philosophy Optional

Western Philosophy

  • A History of Philosophy by Frank Thilly
  • A Critical History of Western Philosophy by Y Masih

Indian Philosophy

  • An Introduction to Indian Philosophy by S Chatterjee
  • A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy by C Sharma

Social Political Philosophy

  • An Introduction to Political Theory by O P Gauba

Philosophy of Religion

  • Introduction to Religious Philosophy By Y Masih
  • Philosophy of Religion by John H. Hick

Why One Should Choose Philosophy Optional

  • Short syllabus than that of other subjects
  • The entire syllabus can be completed in just two and half months.
  • Availability of good coaching centres and study materials
  • Second paper is relatively open ended.
  • It involves topics which can be answered in the exam even with general knowledge/awareness.

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Philosophy, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Philosophy carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Philosophy for IAS Mains

Study approach for Philosophy

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

The syllabus of ‘Preliminary examination has three sections : Section A, B and C.

Section A is Problem of philosophy’. Here we are concerned with Indian Philosophy and Western Philosophy. So we have to read them thoroughly. The questions are generally asked on terminology and theories like ‘What is Pratitya Samutpada?’. We must have understanding of terms and theories. In Indian Philosophy there are nine schools. Six schools are orthodox (Samkhya Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika Mimansa and Vedanta) and two are heterodox (Jainism and Buddhism). One other school is Materialism. UPSC generally asks questions in Indian philosophy on some specific points like substance, attributes. In western philosophy there is no precise syllabus. Generally questions are asked from Thales to Sartre.

Section B:

deals with Logic. Here we have to read only seven topics from Irwin M. Copi. Plus we have to study Symbolic Logic by Dr. Ashok Verma. Generally 30-35 questions are asked from logic in Prelims. 20 questions are just theoretical : they do not need any explanation. 5-8 questions are on Quantification which also can be answered at first sight if you have already practised. Remaining 5-8 questions are from Deduction which need explanation : this depends upon your practice and even these are not decisive.

Section C:

deals with Ethics. It consists of Indian Ethics and Western Ethics. In Indian Ethics questions are from Charvaka to Vedanta. Dr. Divakar Pathak’s book on Indian Ethics is essential for this section. In Western Ethics, questions are from Thales’ to Advanced Ethics. Here we have to study Thilly and another book by Dr. V.P. Verma. The question in this section are generally factual so we have to collect facts and memorize them.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Philosophy 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

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