How to Prepare UPSC Mains Sociology Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Sociology Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Sociology Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Sociology optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Sociology Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Sociology Paper 2017

Approach  to sociology optional papers is quite different. Try to study the  thinkers part in both papers very perfectly and get a clarity on all the  sociological concepts. While  writing sociology answers, try to keep in mind 3 things, Thinkers and  their ideas, coherent arrangement and expression, and using contemporary  topics in answers. Thinkers should be used in all answers . Arrangement of answers means the contents with a definite structure to be framed.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Sociology Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Sociology Paper

UPSC MAINS SOCIOLOGY SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Sociology Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Sociology Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2016 & 2017 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Sociology Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Sociology Paper

Books for Sociology Optional

  • Sociology – T.B. Bottomore
  • Sociology – Harry M. Johnson
  • Sociology: An introduction and analysis – Maclver and Page
  • Handbook of Sociology – Ogburn and Ninkoff
    Social anthropology – Madan and Majumdar
  • Social Thought – Abraham and Morgan
  • Dictionary of sociology – Dunean and Mitchel or Penguin
  • Sociology Dictionary – William P. Scott
  • Introductory sociology: T.B. Bottmore
  • Basic contribution of sociological and anthropological thinkers: dictionary of sociology, Social and cultural process: Maclver and Page and Madan & Majumdar
  • Deviance and central: Social stratification – Harlambos and T.B. Bottomore
  • Political institutions – Bottomore
  • Religious and social institutions – Madan & Majumdar Niel J. Smelser- Economy and Society
  • Abraham and Francis – Sociological theory
  • Sociology – Sachideva & Vidhya Bushan
  • Sociology Themes & Perspectives – Moralambose & R.M. Heald.
  • Social Anthropology – Madan & Majumdar
  • Political System – Smelser
  • Cultural Anthropology -Madan and Majumdar
  • Sociology – Horton and Hunt
  • Harlambus – Introduction to Sociology
  • Social Demography – Asha & Bandhi
  • Chapters from a good book on Demography and Urban geography

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Sociology, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Sociology carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Sociology for IAS Mains

Study approach for Sociology

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

Sociology as a subject is helpful in many ways. A good hold over the subject helps you immensely in handling the social issues in GS as the knowledge comes handy. Even in the essay, there is certainly at least one topic from Sociology. Moreover, the interview also has substantial portion involving social issues and the subject is an asset in such a case. Apart from all these, once you enter the services, a good hold over social realities helps you at all stages.

These days common reasons among the aspirants for selecting Sociology as an optional are:

  1. Short Syllabus
  2. High scoring, provided proper strategy is followed, of which answer writing practice is most important.
  3. Every body is well aware of the subject matter of sociology i.e. Society, its structural aspect, various institutions, functional aspect, social change. Sociology is a scientific Endeavour to study abovementioned aspects. So if properly interrelated it is very interesting
  4. Students belonging to any academic background,( particularly science background) can easily cover sociology in short time.
  5. Also helps in General Studies and Essay paper.

Many people, especially peers, may suggest you to refer multiple books to understand the syllabus. You should try to limit the sources while studying but make sure you do that extensively. There is a small trick to this. The trick is that you study some basic stuff, let’s call it ‘Primary’. The primary material should be IGNOU,NCERT books, some fundamental books like Harlemboss for paper 1 and Y.Singh and R.Ahuja books for paper 2. In addition, you buy the ‘Secondary’ material for reference. But, the secondary material should be used only to refer some difficult issues and for adding value to primary.

Adding value to primary means extracting some thinker’s views, case studies etc. Once you have read the Primary material, you should search and add value from secondary material. You can simply look for any new information, cases and books and add it to your primary material notes. You should not read all the books deeply. Rather, one should read few with depth and then simply all new things from multiple sources. Like this, your answers shall be comprehensive, fresh and with diverse knowledge.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Sociology 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Physics Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Physics Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Physics Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Physics optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Physics Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Physics Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Physics is the branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy. The subject matter of physics includes mechanics, heat, light and other radiation, sound, electricity, magnetism, and the structure of atoms.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Physics Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Physics Paper

UPSC MAINS PHYSICS SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Physics Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Physics Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2016 & 2017 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Physics Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Physics Paper

Civil Services Physics part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Physics – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Physics is getting very popular as an optional subject these days. Only four to five standard books are more than enough to prepare Physics optional in depth. If you have even a moderate interest in Physics, try to go through some books of university level. If you can develop logic, see your understanding going in any direction and it does not bore you, it’s for you. Once you begin understanding Physics, you have the chances that you can exploit it at any level.

Books for Physics Optional

  • Thermal Physics – P.K Chakraborty – Satya Prakash, Singhal & Agarawal
  • Thermal Physics – Singal, Agarwal & Prakash, B.S. Agarwal, Shah & Srivastava
  • Statistical Physics -B.B laud
  • Quantum Physics- Resnick & Eisberg
  • Concept of Mordern Physics – Arthut Bevser
  • Quantum Mechanics -Ghatak & Loknathan/Chatwal & Anand/Satya Prakash
  • Atomic Physics – J. B. Rajan
  • Atomic & Molecular Spectra -Rajkumar
  • Nuclear Physics -S.B Patel
  • Nuclear Physics – D.C. Tayal
  • Solid State Physics -Kittel
  • Electronics -Allon Mottershed
  • Electronics – Milman & Halkias, S. Ramnam, Ryder or Bolstead, Malvina

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Physics, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Physics carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Physics for IAS Mains

Study approach for Physics

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

Physics Paper 1

Section A has three important areas: Classical Mechanics, Special Relativity, Waves and Geometrical Optics and Physical Optics. Since all these three sections give compulsory questions, it’s best not to avoid any one. Yet, if you are hard pressed for time, you can be selective about any one section. But it’s important that before getting selective you have identified the essential areas based on past trend analysis.

It’s best not to be selective at all in Classical Mechanics. Moreover, there is no dearth of good material on this section. Most of the students find this section rather simple to handle. In Special Relativity, the older topics are more important than the newly added ones. So, the students should design the preparation strategy accordingly. In the Waves section, Damped and Forced Vibrations, Phase and Group Velocity should be given priority.

Section B contains: Electricity and Magnetism, EM Theory and Black Body radiation and Thermal and Statistical Physics. All the above three sections carry compulsory questions, hence none can be completely ignored. Questions which come on EM Theory are very simple and quite s c o r i n g . Hence this a re a should be well prepared and the students must not miss the question on this area.

Physics Paper 2

All of the second paper except Electronics can be prepared from two sources, i.e. Quantum Physics by Resnick and Eisberg, and Modern Physics by Arthur Beiser. For value addition, you may require to undertake some extra reading from other standard books.

Electronics is now a prominent part in the course. Students coming from non-electronics background must make some extra effort to master this section thoroughly. Once prepared well, this part is scoring.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Physics 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Zoology Paper – Study Strategy

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Zoology Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Zoology Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Zoology optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Zoology Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Zoology Paper

UPSC Zoology  or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Zoology Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Zoology Paper

UPSC MAINS ZOOLOGY SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Zoology Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Zoology Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2016 & 2017 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Zoology Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Zoology Paper

Suggested Book List for Zoology for IAS Mains exam

  • Cell and molecular biology – De Robertis, C.B. Powar
  • Genetics – P.K. Gupta, Gardner, Ahluwalia, Vir Bala Rastogi
  • Invertebrates – R.L. Kotpal, Nigam, Jordan
  • Vertebrates – R.L. Kotpal, Nigam, Jordan and Varma
  • Comparative anatomy of vertebrate zoology – Kent
  • Animal physiology – H.R. Singh, Vander
  • Biochemistry – Harper, Leninger, Stryer, Rao
  • Embryology – Balinsky, A.K. Berry, Vir Bala Rastogi
  • Organic evolution – Veer Bala Rastogi
  • Ecology – P.D. Sharma, Odum, Vir Bala Rastogi and M.S. Jayaraj, Kotpal and Bali
  • Economic Zoology – Shukla and Upadhaya, Kotpal Series, Kotpal- Khetrapal – Aggarwal
  • Ethology – Reena Mathur, Magazines like Science Reporter, Nature etc.
  • General Zoology – Storer and Usurger
  • Physiology – H.R. Singh
  • Evolution – Vir Bala Rastogi
  • A Dictionary of Entomology – Leftwich

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Zoology, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Zoology carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Zoology for IAS Mains

Study approach for Zoology

Tips for Zoology Paper I

Section A
Non-chordata and chordata:

  1. Classification should be done thoroughly as it’s given in Barnes’ textbook
  2. Pay attention to general essays rather than type studies
  3. Always correlate things from evolutionary viewpoint -Draw as many diagrams and flow charts as possible
  4. Students should cover all theories.
  5. In chordate description, compare the phyla phylogenetically and anatomically.
  6. Comparative anatomy diagrams should be coloured.

Section B

  1. The most scoring parts are Economic Zoology, Bio Stats and Bio Instrumentation.
  2. Students need to focus on topics related to developments in India in Economic Zoology.

Tips for Zoology Paper 2

Section A

  1. To prepare Cell Biology and Genetics, students need to follow the same advice as provided for these two topics in Botany. However, you need to correlate cellular processes with human physiology and human disease conditions.
  2. In Genetics, student should also mention the possible human welfare applications.
  3. Peripheral questions are generally not asked.

Section B

Biochemistry and Physiology

  1. Practical Bio-chemical pathway with structural formula of molecules are important.
  2. Prepare from medical bio-chemistry and physiology books.
  3. Represent most information through flow charts.
  4. Always draw relevant anatomical diagrams.

Development Biology

  • If physiology and biochemistry are prepared thoroughly, then this part can be prepared only for short notes.
  • Colored drawings are a must. Students need to practice them properly.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Zoology 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Medical Science Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Medical Science Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Medical Science Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Medical Science optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Medical Science Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Mains Medical Science Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Medical Science is a broad term that covers such areas as biochemistry, molecular biology, medicinal chemistry, microbiology, neuroscience, physiology, nutrition, pharmacology, toxicology, vision science and biomedical technology.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Medical Science Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Medical Science Paper

UPSC MAINS MEDICAL SCIENCE SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Medical Science Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Medical Science Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Read : UPSC Civil Services Medical Science Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Medical Science Paper

Civil Services Medical Science part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Medical Science – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Recommended Books for Medical Science – Civil Services Books – Mains Exam

  • Anatomy – Megraper or Snell
  • Human Anatomy (3 Vol.) – Chaurasia
  • Medical Physiology – Gyston
  • Human Physiology – Chatterjee
  • Pathology – Muirs or Robbins (Big Robbins)
  • Review in Bio-chemistry – Harper
  • Heinmann Medical Dictionary – Janife
  • Heinmann Dental Dictionary – Lennox
  • Microbiology – Anand Narayan or Chatterjee
  • Principal and Practice of Medicines – Davidson
  • Social and Preventive Medicine (SPM) – Park & Park
  • Surgery – Love and Bailey Buy Now
  • Essentials of Bio-chemistry – M C Pant
  • Histology (Inderbir Singh)
  • Physiology: Ganong
  • Parasitology (Jayaram Panikkar)
  • Pathology: Robbins (Big Robbins)
  • Medicine: George Mathew (Notes in medicine), Harrison (No other book may be useful)
  • Surgery: Bailey (Das will be also useful for some areas)
  • Basic Gray and Neuroanatomy (Inderbir Singh) for selected topics

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Medical Science, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Medical Science carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas with Medical Science books of Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Medical Science for IAS Mains

Study approach for Medical Science

Make sure that you have those notes or study material which you made during your professional examination during college. The level of difficulty is somewhat lower than the questions asked in our professional examination and hence we have already covered most of the syllabus we just need time to consolidate properly. Read and finish the syllabus which is given in the UPSC prospectus (official notification) as it will be more than enough to cover 90% of questions asked in the exam. So, never loose you focus as medicine is a vast ocean where you have to master just few drops to be a civil servant.

Medical science is one of the few optionals which is consistently fetching high marks since the year it was introduced and very high marks are relatively easy to score in medical sciences. Never read page by page to complete a particular chapter as course is literally infinite not meant to be completed even in lifetime. Be judicious in your time which you devote to study medical science as it is the most consistent optional out there as far cost benefit analysis is concerned.

Jus read topic wise from text books and study materials and never spend too much time studying one topic as it will not be fruitful. Just skim through it and revise often as Medical Science is very volatile. Always Remember the Keywords and Keywords only as they will help you in writing good and pertinent answers in the examination.

How to write answers in Medical Science paper?

You should always write in bullet points, rarely in complete sentences. Make diagrams even if not explicitly asked by examiner and use color pencils for the same because it will put gravity in your answer and make them stand out. Choose carefully questions you want to attempt as you have good amount of choices. attempt only those questions where you know some keywords in all the parts and subparts.

Finally take this optional even if you did not study with dedication in your MBBS days. There is ABSOLUTELY NO NEED of coaching as syllabus is very straightforward. Use rather exploit internet especially Wikipedia as it gives tons of information on almost all the topics. Never study from those huge MCQ books which are meant solely for PG entrance examination. They are a distraction, completely avoid them.

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

There may be some questions out of the topics in the syllabus, prepare for these new topics also as these repeat regularly.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Medical Science 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

UPSC Mains Mathematics Important Topics

Here we are providing important topics for UPSC Exam. You will find Tips on how to crack Mathematics in upsc ias exam. It is adviced to take mathematics as optional subjects if you are from engineering background because course is almost similar and all concepts we have you have already studied. Below you will find all important topics in Mathematics for UPSC Exam so that you can prepare wisely.

How to Prepare Mathematics for UPSC Exams? - Important Topics

Important Topics in Mathematics for UPSC Exams

Paper I

Section A

  • Linear Algebra: Vector, space, linear dependance and independance, subspaces, bases, dimensions. Finite dimensional vector spaces. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, eqivalence, congruences and similarity, reduction to canonical form, rank, orthogonal, symmetrical, skew symmetrical, unitary, hermitian, skew-hermitian formstheir eigenvalues.
  • Calculus: Lagrange’s method of multipliers, Jacobian. Riemann’s definition of definite integrals, indefinite integrals, infinite and improper integrals, beta and gamma functions. Double and triple integrals i.e.. Evaluation techniques only. Areas, surface and volumes and centre of gravity.
  • Analytic Geometry: Sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties.

Section B

  • Ordinary Differential Equations: Clariaut’s equation, singular solution. Higher order linear equations, with constant coefficients, complementary function and particular integral, general solution, Euler-Cauchy equation. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, determination of complete solution when one solution is known, method of variation of parameters.
  • Dynamics, Statics and Hydrostatics: However, ignore the whole section, if you have thoroughly prepared for other sections.
  • Vector Analysis: Triple products, vector identities and vector equations. Application to Geometry: Curves in space, curvature and torision. Serret-Frenet’s formulae, Gauss and Stokes’theorems, Green’s identities.

Paper II

Section A

  • Algebra: Normal subgroups, homomorphism of groups quotient groups basic isomorophism theorems, Sylow’s group, principal ideal domains, unique factorisation domains and Euclidean domains. Field extensions, finite fields.
  • Real Analysis: Riemann integral, improper integrals, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions. Differentiation of functions of several variables, alteration in the order of partial derivatives, implicit function theorem, maxima and minima. Multiple integrals.
  • Complex Analysis: However, ignore the whole section, if you have thoroughly prepared for other sections.
  • Linear Programming: Basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution, Simplex method of solutions. Duality. Transportation and assignment problems. Travelling salesman problems.

Section B

  • Partial differential equations: Solutions of equations of type dx/p = dy/q = dz/r; orthogonal trajectories, pfaffian differential equations; partial differential equations of the first order, solution by Cauchy’s method of characteristics; Char-pit’s method of solutions, linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, equations of vibrating string, heat equation, laplace equation.
  • Numerical Analysis and Computer programming: Numerical methods, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods Numerical integration: Simpson’s one-third rule, tranpesodial rule, Gaussian quardrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runge Kutta-methods.
  • Computer Programming: Binary system. Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers. Bitwise operations. Octal and Hexadecimal Systems. Convers-ion to and from decimal Systems.
  • Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: D ‘Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’ equations, Hamilton equations, moment of intertia, motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions.

UPSC IAS Mains Syllabus & Subject 2017

Get UPSC MAINS SYLLABUS & SUBJECTS 2017 details. We had already provided UPSC civil Services Exam Notification 2017 & UPSC Exam Syllabus & Subjects for Prelims 2017 in detail. Before going to attempt UPSC Civil Services Mains exam students must know about UPSC Exam Syllabus for Mains, what are the exam papers & what are the subjects in UPSC Mains 2017 exams. Here we are providing UPSC Exam Syllabus for Mains & Structure for 2017 exam.  The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has revised the pattern of Civil Services Main examination from 2015. UPSC Exam Syllabus for mains exam 2017 in detail is given below. The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying papers and seven papers counted for ranking. As per UPSC mains new syllabus general studies papers consisting 1000 marks. Details of the UPSC Exam syllabus Mains for individual subjects.

UPSC Notification 2017 UPSC Exam Dates 2017 UPSC Exam Syllabus for Prelims
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern UPSC Reference Books UPSC Eligibility
UPSC Mains Exams Pattern UPSC Question papers UPSC IAS Preparation Tips
UPSC IAS Exam Application UPSC Admit Card UPSC Results

Related Article: UPSC Prelims 2016 Answer Key

UPSC Mains Syllabus

UPSC Exam Syllabus 2017 for Mains – Subjects & Papers

QUALIFYING PAPERS ON INDIAN LANGUAGES AND ENGLISH (300 marks for each qualifying paper)

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
Indian Languages :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
(v) Translation from English to the Indian
language and vice-versa.
Note 1 : 
The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2
: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper 1: Essay (250 marks)

Candidates may be required to write an essay on specific topic. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2: General Studies paper 1 (250 marks)

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper 3: General Studies paper 2 (250 marks)

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

Paper 4: General Studies paper 3 (250 marks)

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper 5: General Studies paper 4 (250 marks)

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper 6 and 7: (250 marks each paper)

Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)

Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:

List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination

Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examination .Lot of the students will be eliminate in the UPSC prelims exam. UPSC mains syllabus is vast but it requires great preparation. Utilizing the time efficiently and Writing skills will play key role in mains exam. Students appearing for UPSC mains exam must get clarity on each subject and topic. I hope this UPSC mains new syllabus & subjects article may helpful to you in clearing the doubts. candidates can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

Please share this article UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus for 2017 to all your friends who are preparing for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2017. If you have any issues & Doubts regarding mains Exam Structure, Syllabus, detailed subject topics and any other related to Civil Services Exam 2017 you can ask via comment box.

Request a Call Back
×