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## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Mathematics Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Mathematics Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mathematics Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Mathematics optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Mathematics Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Mathematics is the study of topics such as quantity (numbers), structure, space, and change. There is a range of views among mathematicians and philosophers as to the exact scope and definition of mathematics. Mathematicians seek out patterns and use them to formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning can provide insight or predictions about nature.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mathematics Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

### Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Mathematics Paper

UPSC MAINS MATHEMATICS SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Mathematics Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Mathematics Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Mathematics Paper

Civil Services Mathematics part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Mathematics – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Recommended Books for Mathematics – Civil Services Books – Mains Exam

1. Linear Algebra
A.R.Vasista
Schaum Series (3000 solved problems book)
2. Calculus and Real Analysis
S.C Malik and Savita Arora Shanti Narayana
3. 3-D Geometry
P.N. Chatterjee
4. Ordinary Differential Equations
M.D. Raisinghania
Ian Sneddon
5. Vector Analysis
A.R. Vasista
Schuam Series
6. Algebra
Joseph A. Gallian
7. Complex Analysis
Schuam Series
J.N. Sharma
Ponnu Swami
8. Linear Programming
Shanti Swarup
Kanti Swarup
9. Numerical Analysis
Jain and Iyenger
K. Shankar Rao
S.S. Shasthry
10. Computer Programming
Raja Raman
11. Dynamics & Statics
A.R. Vasista
M. Ray
12. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics
M.D. Raisinghania
R.K. Gupta
J.K. Goyal and K.P. Gupta

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Mathematics, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Mathematics carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas.

You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for Mathematics–Std. XI and XII

(b) Mathematics for Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Mathematics for IAS Mains

Study approach for Mathematics

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

There may be some questions out of the topics in the syllabus, prepare for these new topics also as these repeat regularly.

Also Check : UPSC Mains Mathematics Important Topics for 2017

Strategy for Paper I:

1. Paper I being easier compared to Paper II, all the topics have to be covered in detail.
2. For Analytical Geometry, read all the solved examples given in above mentioned books. Regularly revise particularly skew lines, sphere, cone and conicoids. In many problems you would have to remember how to start the problem i.e. you would have to mug the approach to solve specific problems.
3. For Calculus, focus more on Calculus of many variables. This is well covered in Malik and Arora. Also many topics of Paper I and Paper II overlap, which can be prepared simultaneously from the above mentioned book.
4. In Statics & Dynamics, try to solve all the problems. You can leave very complex problems which are usually given at the end of every chapter.
5. Make formula sheet for every chapter and revise it regularly. Otherwise you might forget many formulas in exam.
6. Practice makes perfect. Try solving problems with pen and paper with book closed, instead of just reading.

Strategy for Paper – 2:

1. Usually Paper II is tough for many. Hence if you are able to master it, then you will able to score very high compared to others
2. Abstract Algebra is a unique topic. Either you like the topic or you don’t. In first case it will be easy otherwise very tough. I loved the topic and did not read it from exam point of view. If you are finding it tough, I would suggest you to do it from 10 markers point of view. There is no point in spending a lot of time on Abstract Algebra as you won’t be rewarded proportionately. The same time could be used for studying other topics of Maths or GS, which would fetch much more marks. For 10 markers point of view, read books (a) and (b) mentioned above. Memorize all the theorems. Skip proofs of theorems which are big, particularly in Permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem, PID, Euclidean Domain and UFDs. On the other hand, if you are comfortable with Abstract algebra and want to do it in a detailed manner, I will shortly share various e-books, pdfs etc.
3. For Real Analysis, Malik and Arora is the best. You can supplement it by MD Raisinghania. I felt it is better to leave the proofs. Focus more on Riemann Integral, Improper Integrals and Series and Sequences of functions.
4. Linear Programming: I feel books for MBA like JK Sharma are written more clearly in Shanti Swarup Books
5. PDE: Even though not mentioned in syllabus, Charpit’s method has to be covered as questions are regularly asked. For Boundary Value problems (heat equation etc.) first read from Grewal. For more types of problems you should refer to book (c) mentioned above in the booklist.
6. Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics: From last year UPSC has started mixing questions from PDE, Numerical Analysis and Fluid & Rigid Dynamics. Therefore to score high it has become imperative to cover this topic. But the problem is the syllabus has been vaguely defined and there is confusion about which topics are there in syllabus. By analyzing past years question papers. I covered only the following topics. In Fluid dynamics cover Kinematics of Fluids in Motion, Equations of Motions of Inviscid Fluids, Sources and Sinks, Vortex Motion. No need to see proof of any theorems. From Navier Stokes equations, just try to see only solved examples. For Rigid Dynamics, cover those topics mentioned in booklist above.

1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Mathematics 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Mechanical Engineering Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Mechanical Engineering Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mechanical Engineering Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Mechanical Engineering optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Mechanical Engineering Paper 2017

UPSC Mains Mechanical engineering is the discipline that applies the principles of engineering, physics, and materials science for the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and operation of machinery. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Mechanical Engineering Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Mechanical Engineering Paper

UPSC MAINS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Mechanical Engineering Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Mechanical Engineering Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2016 & 2017 exams .

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Mechanical Engineering Paper

Civil Services Mechanical Engineering part (As part of GS or as optional) requires vast but focused reading. Apart from the IAS Books for Mechanical Engineering – Civil Services Prelims Exam, the below mentioned books can help.

Recommended Books for Mechanical Engineering – Civil Services Books – Mains Exam

Books On Mechanical Engineering for IAS Exam

• Theory of Mechanics – S S Rattan
• Theory of Mechanism and Mechanics – Jagdish Lal.
• Mechanic of Solids – Popru
• Manufacturing Science – Ghosh and Malik
• Manufacturing Technology – P N Rao
• Production Manangement – R K Jain
• Principals of Manufacturing Material & Process – Campbeu
• Fundamentals of Classed Thermodynamics – Van Wylen
• Heat Transfer – Gupta Prakash
• Heat and Mass Transfer – R. Yadav
• Energy Conversion – Sukhalmoy
• Environmental Pollution Central Engineering C S Rao
• Fundamentals of Classed Thermodynamics – Van Wylen
• Heat Transfer – Gupta Prakash
• Heat and Mass Transfer – R. Yadav
• Energy Conversion – Sukhalmoy
• Environmental Pollution Central Engineering C S Rao
• Surveying and Levelling – T P Kanetakar
• Heat Conversion – Arora & Kundwar
• Manufacturing Science – R K Jain
• Thermodynamics – R Yadav Theory of Mechanics – S S Rattan
• Theory of Mechanism and Mechanics – Jagdish Lal.
• Mechanic of Solids – Popru
• Manufacturing Science – Ghosh and Malik
• Manufacturing Technology – P N Rao
• Production Manangement – R K Jain
• Principles of Manufacturing Material & Process – Campbeu
• Surveying and Levelling – T P Kanetakar
• Heat Conversion – Arora & Kundwar
• Manufacturing Science – R K Jain

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Mechanical Engineering, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Mechanical Engineering carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas.

You can consider Mechanical Engineering books for Engineering Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Mechanical Engineering for IAS Mains

Study approach for Mechanical Engineering

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

There may be some questions out of the topics in the syllabus, prepare for these new topics also as these repeat regularly.

1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Mechanical Engineering 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

## IAS MAINS Indian Language Gujarati Syllabus 2017

UPSC IAS MAINS GUJARATI EXAM SYLLABUS. Get UPSC GUJARATI SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC  GUJARATI EXAM Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided CIVIL SERVICES MAINS Language Paper English Syllabus 2017IAS INDIAN LANGUAGE GUJARATI MAIN SYLLABUS 2017: Gujarati is the official language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. In IAS mains exam there are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In UPSC Mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers.

Gujarati is one of the optional in the IAS main exam. You can opt for the Gujarati language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Gujarati language as the main subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Gujarati literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Gujarati paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Gujarati mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of IAS Gujarati mains exam.

### IAS INDIAN LANGUAGE GUJARATI MAIN SYLLABUS Paper I

(Answers must be written in Gujarati)
Section-A
Gujarati Language : Form and history

1. History of Gujarati Language with special reference to New Indo-Aryan i.e. last one thousand years.
2. Significant features of the Gujarati language: Phonology, morphology and syntax.
3. Major dialects: Surti, Pattani, charotari and Saurashtri. History of Gujarati Literature Medieval :
5. Bhakti tradition: Sagun and Nirgun (Jnanmargi)
6. Non-sectarian tradition (Laukik parampara) Modern:
7. Sudharak yug
8. Pandit yug
9. Gandhi yug
10. Anu-Gandhi yug

Read here for other UPSC Optional subjects:

Section-B
Literary Forms : (Salient features, history and development of the following literary forms):
(a) Medieval

1. Narratives: Rasa, Akhyan and Padyavarta
(b) Folk
3. Bhavai
(c) Modern
4. Fiction: Novel and short story
5. Drama
6. Literary Essay
7. Lyrical Poetry
(d) Criticism
8. History of theoretical Gujarati criticism
9. Recent research in folk tradition.

### IAS INDIAN LANGUAGE GUJARATI MAIN SYLLABUS Paper 2

(Answers must be written in Gujarati)
The paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidate.

Section-A

1. Medieval (i) Vasantvilas phagu-Ajnatkrut
(iii) Sudamacharitra-Premanand
(iv) Chandrachandravatini varta-Shamal
(v) Akhegeeta-Akho
2. Sudharakyug & Pandityug (vi) Mari Hakikat-Narmadashankar Dave
(vii) Farbasveerah- Dalpatram
(viii) Saraswatichandra-Part-I Govardhanram Tripathi
(ix) Purvalap- ‘Kant’ (Manishankar Ratnaji Bhatt)
(x) Raino Parvat-Ramanbhai Neelkanth

Section-B

1. Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug (i) Hind Swaraj-Mohandas Kar-machand Gandhi
(ii) Patanni Prabhuta- Kanhaiyalal Munshi
(iii) Kavyani Shakti- Ramnarayan Vishwanath Pathak
(iv) Saurashtrani Rasdhar Part 1- Zaverchand Meghani
(v) Manvini Bhavai-Pannalal Patel
(vi) Dhvani-Rajendra Shah
(viii) Janantike- Suresh Joshi
(ix) Ashwatthama- Sitanshu Yashaschandra

Remember not to commit grammatical mistakes. Improve writing skills for IAS Gujarati literature exam. Handwriting should be legible for IAS mains exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep IAS Gujarati main syllabus and previous papers for reference.

Also, Share the following articles to students who are preparing for UPSC MAINS Exam 2017.

## LIST OF UPSC MAINS Optional Subjects & Papers

LIST OF UPSC MAINS OPTIONAL SUBJECTS & PAPERS: The UPSC mains (written) examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying papers and seven papers counted for ranking. As per the latest syllabus, the number of optional subjects to be selected is reduced to one, though the weightage of the optional paper is only 500 marks out of 2000 marks. As per Civil services mains new pattern general studies papers consisting 1000 marks and Optional paper consists of two papers of 250 marks each. List of optional subjects for UPSC Civil services Mains Examination is given below. Upsc mains pattern for students reference.

## LIST OF UPSC MAINS OPTIONAL SUBJECTS

 Paper-I One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the 18 languages included in the VIIIth Schedule to the Constitution (Qualifying Paper) 300 Marks Paper-II English (Qualifying Paper) 300 Marks Paper-III Essay 200 Marks Papers IV & V General Studies (300 Marks for each paper) 600 Marks Papers VI, VII, VIII & IX Any two subjects (each having 2 papers) to be selected from the prescribed optional subjects (300 marks for each paper) 1200 Marks Total Marks for Written Examination 2000 Marks Interview Test 300 Marks Grand Total 2300 Marks

### List of Optional Subjects for Civil Services Main Exam

 Agriculture Management Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Mathematics Anthropology Mechanical Engineering Botany Medical Science Chemistry Philosophy Civil Engineering Physics Commerce & Accountancy Political Science & International Relations Economics Psychology Electrical Engineering Public Administration Geography Sociology Geology Statistics Indian History Zoology Law

#### Following are the List of UPSC MAINS OPTIONAL SUBJECTS with full syllabus which are applicable for UPSC Mains 2017 & 2018 Exams.

There are 25 optional subjects in UPSC civil services mains exam and there are 26 literature papers in civil services mains exam. Total optional subjects 51. You can opt for the literature of a language as an optional subject, only if you have graduated in the literature of that particular language as the main subject. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional subject or optional literature preparation.

## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Public Administration Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Public Administration Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Public Administration Paper 2017“. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Public Administration optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

## How to Prepare UPSC Mains Public Administration Paper 2017

The recent performance of Public Administration has not been very encouraging. A number of factors have contributed to the same which include relatively tougher papers; abstract questions; stricter evaluation; less generous marking; mysterious scaling/moderation by UPSC etc.

However, as the number of ‘Pub Ad’ applicants reduces year by year (given its performance), it may be assumed that the present trend is unlikely to continue for long.

To Prepare UPSC Civil Services Public Administration Paper for 2017, you need to follow below given steps.

### Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Public Administration Paper

UPSC MAINS PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Public Administration Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Public Administration Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

### Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Public Administration Paper

2. New Horizons of Public Administration – Mohit Bhattacharya.
3. Indian Administration – Ramesh K. Arora & Rajni Goyal

1. Second ARC Reports

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Public Administration, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Public Administration carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(3)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(4)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

### How to Study Public Administration for IAS Mains

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

Strategy for Paper-1

For clear concepts, you need to refer books that deal with the subject in the simplest manner possible. Avoid poorly edited books or coaching material that may seem to cover the entire syllabus because they will not add much to your conceptual clarity.

Before referring any book, go through previous year papers of 20 years for that topic to become acquainted with the demand of the subject.

1. Introduction: Read it from Sharma and Sadana or S Polianaidu. Supplement your reading with Mohit Bhattacharya. It will enrich your perspective. Almost all the pages will be important. We see little possibility of converting them into short notes. But you should jot down key ideas and concepts after second reading. Do not make notes right after first reading as you will not have a broader outlook of the subject and you may write everything in your notes.
2. Administrative Thought: One and only Prasad and Prasad should be referred for this. Since questions will inter-link thinkers, try relating the theory of one thinker to that of other. Also read the background of the thinker. You can always correlate his theories with his background for e.g. Max weber ideas on bureaucracy were also a product of him being under the German authoritative system of the 1920s.
3. Underline important lines/keywords like Mental Revolution, Zone of Indifference etc. Do try to remember some lines of these thinkers verbatim. It adds value to your answers in exam. Also, learn to apply these theories in real life administrative situations. UPSC has been asking case studies on the same. For e.g. you can relate Mcgregor’s theories to the present condition of the lower bureaucracy in India.
4. Administrative Behaviour: Sharma and Sadana covers it pretty exhaustively. For motivation theories of Herzberg, Maslow etc, you can also refer to Prasad and Prasad. There is immense scope of making short notes here. The topics are also very easy to understand.
5. Organisations: Refer Sharma and Sadana for all topics except PPP. For PPP refer Fadia and Fadia. Please do not refer Fadia for other topics because this book, in my view, is poorly edited; very repetitive; lacks coherence and clarity. There is a lot of scope for relating this part to the Indian administration (paper-2). Quote examples and facts from the Indian context in answers. You need not necessarily quote international examples.
6. Accountability and control; 6. Administrative Law: For both of them refer Sharma and Sadana. For dynamic topics like Civil Society, Right to Information, Citizen Charters keep an eye on international and national developments. Quote them heavily in your answers. Use small case studies if possible.
7. Comparative Public Administration; 7. Development Dynamics: Ramesh K Arora – CPA is a brilliant book. It is a small book and covers the topic exhaustively. You can be assured of answering even the most twisted questions on CPA. For those who don’t have Arora, refer S. Polianaidu. Even though he covers CPA in a fragmented manner, it covers the topic thoroughly. Development administration is covered better in Polianaidu.
8. Try to use cross-cultural examples heavily in answers. For e.g. Pakistan is an unbalanced polity with military at the helm of affairs in major policy matters; but India is a balanced polity where all organs of the government get their due share in policy making.
1. Personnel Administration: Sharma and Sadana should be referred. And as Prince Dhawan (AIR-3, CSE 2011) rightly pointed out this topic should be covered alongwith Civil Services of Paper-2.
2. Public Policy:IGNOU BA and MA Public Policy cover it thoroughly. There will be various modules that cover the same topic in BA and MA modules. So read it selectively. You can analyse present Indian policy decisions with respect to the various models given here.
3. Techniques of Administrative Improvement: There is no single good source. Mohit Bhattacharya covers in a scanty manner, nevertheless go through it once. You will need to rely on the internet mostly. Questions from these topics do not carry much weightage.
4. Financial Administration:Combine this with Financial Management from Paper-2. Both can be covered from Sharma and Sadana and current events in India. A lot of questions are being asked from this area. Prepare it well. Try making consolidated notes of both theoretical financial administration and Indian financial management.

After reading all these books once, go through Mohit Bhattacharya which is often called as the “Gita” of Public Administration. After finishing this book, you will begin to see the entire subject much more clearly and seamlessly connected. A lot of questions come directly from this book. Also, this covers the “new horizons” of Public Administration like Network Governance; Feminism in Administration etc. which may not be found in other traditionally rooted books.

Now, go through previous year papers again. Try answering questions. If you cannot, you will need a few more readings.

Start making notes from all these books in the second or third reading. Revise your notes as frequently as possible and as many times as possible. Understand the subject in and out. When you write, this understanding should reflect on paper.

Strategy for Paper-2

We need not pinpoint different books for different topics here because you only need to refer three sources:

1. Indian Administration by Rajni Goyal and Ramesh Arora– entire book. Making notes is not very useful as a large part of the syllabus coincides with Indian Polity of GS-II. The book covers almost all topics exhaustively
2. Second ARC reportscover the rest of the issues. These are very high quality reports. Its recommendations should be used heavily in your Paper-2 answers. Also try to make short notes. Reports that should be referred are:
• Public Order
• Disaster Management
• Local Government
• Ethics in Governance (Selectively)
1. Other topics are mostly dynamic. Newspapers are the best source. The Hindu, Indian Express and Livemint editorials frequently comment on administrative matters. Also note down any new policies, plans, committees etc. Make issue-wise notes. Questions from current issues have a very high weightage. Do not ignore these at any cost. You will also need to quote facts/examples/ideas from the editorials quite often in your answers.

You need not refer to IJPA journals. Even if you refer them where will you use the content in your answers? IJPA journals are PhD plus stuff. You only need a graduate plus level of understanding here.

1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Public Administration 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

## UPSC Mains Admit Card 2017

Related Articles:

UPSC Mains Syllabus

UPSC Mains Exam Pattern

Here are important dates for CSM 2017.

 Event Date Availability of UPSC Admit Card 2017 for IAS Mains September, 2017 Date of UPSC Civil Services (IAS) 2017 Main Exam October 28, 2017

• First of all the candidates should visit the official website of UPSC which is upsconline.nic.in
• After visiting the website you can find out the link of the Admit card on the homepage. The link would be titled as ‘Civil Service mains examination Admit Card 2017’. Click on click here.
• On clicking the page, important instructions for candidates page will open and IT IS MANDATORY FOR THE CANDIDATE TO TAKE PRINT OUT OF ‘IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS TO THE CANDIDATE’ BEFORE DOWNLOADING THE E-ADMIT CARD AND READ THE SAME CAREFULLY. Press yes.
• a Mains admit card login page will open where the candidates need to select any of the given option “By Registration Id or By Roll Number”.
• enter details like Application Form Number and the Date of birth etc.
• Once the information is entered, click on the SUBMIT button.
• The mains Admit Card 2017 will generate. Take the Print out of the mains e-admit card.
• You can also get your RID through your email or phone number.
• If you are a Visually Impaired/LDCP(Writing Extremity) and have opted for ‘OWN SCRIBE’, please take print out of ‘IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR SCRIBE’ before downloading the mains e-ADMIT CARD and bring the same along with this e-ADMIT CARD to be permitted to enter the examination hall.
• The candidates have also been asked to carry identical photographs, in case the photograph is not visible or available on the e-admit cards. The candidates are also required to carry proof of identity such as valid identity card, Aadhar card, voter identity card, driving license, passport etc. to the venue of the examination.