How to Prepare UPSC Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science  optional for Civil Services and Forest Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

Animal husbandry is the management and care of farm animals by humans, in which genetic qualities and behavior, considered to be advantageous to humans, are further developed. The term can refer to the practice of selectively breeding and raising livestock to promote desirable traits in animals for utility, sport, pleasure, or research.

Who should opt for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science?

Anyone who has academic background in Agriculture, Life Sciences, Botany, Biomedical Sciences, Biotechnology, Zoology, Dairy and other related fields.

Any aspirant with no prior knowledge of Zoology should not opt it. He/She may score good in Paper I which is like general studies but Paper II becomes the eliminating factor if it is not covered exhaustively.

Why should one not opt for ‘Zoology’ instead?

If you have Zoology as your graduation or master’s subject then surely you should go with Zoology, but just in case if you don’t have interest in remembering all families characteristic features among others, then Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science  is best optional for you.

Secondly, Paper II of Zoology and Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science  is quite similar if you see the syllabus but if you analyse last year question papers, if you will see that questions in Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science  are easy in comparison to ‘Zoology Paper II’.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus

you should know about the Civil Services Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper Syllabus.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Recommended books for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science :

  • Books On Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science for IAS Exam
  • Animal Husbandry by Gyan Deep Singh, Anmol Publishers,
  • A Textbook Of Animal Husbandry by G C Banerjee, Oxford,
  • Advanced Animal Nutrition by Reddy,Oxford
  • Principles Of Animal Nutrition & Feed Technology, by D V Reddy, Oxford
  • Animal Physiology by Kavita Juneja, Anmol Publishers
  • Basics Of Animal Physiology by Monalisa Kar, Anmol Publishers
  • Animal Physiology by K. A. Goyal, Rastogi Publishing
  • Principles Of Genetics & Animal Breeding by F H KHAN, Jaypee Brothers
  • Textbook Of Animal Diseases by Ashok Kumar, Sonali Publication
  • Milk And Milk Products Technology by Subhash Biswas, Jaypee Brothers
  • Handbook Of Animal Husbandry by Manoj Kumar Rai, Oxford Book Company

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

As you know the marks of the optional paper is crucial to decide your ranking in final list, you to have to perform exceptionally well in the paper of your choice.

Since the rest of the papers are compulsory for all, its only the optional paper that can make or break your fortune. So don’t try to do selective reading and gamble, as there is only one optional paper now.

The right strategy should be to go through each section of the syllabus and pick up the books and read them carefully. First pick up lighter books to clear your concepts and then go on to read the advance books.

Cover the entire syllabus and after reading each segment make notes of them simultaneously. Remember that your notes will be the final course material for reading and revising in future. So take your time and do a good job with it.

Go ahead and start your preparation with books listed here. If any section of the syllabus is not covered in these books, you can look for other suggestive readings.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

Download UPSC Mains Agriculture Question Papers

  • Question Paper of 2016 [Paper-I] [PDF Format]
  • Question Paper of 2016 [Paper-II] [PDF Format]

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Anthropology Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Anthropology Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Anthropology Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Anthropology optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. Anthropology is the study of various aspects of humans within past and present societies. Social anthropology and cultural anthropology study the norms and values of societies. Linguistic anthropology studies how language affects social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of humans.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Anthropology Paper 2017

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Anthropology Paper

you should know about the Civil Services Anthropology Paper Syllabus.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Anthropology Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Anthropology Paper

Preparation of anthropology (mains)

It’s advisable to start anthro preparation as early as possible after the upsc preliminary examination and with focussed, systematic study one can complete the subject by end of august.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Anthropology Paper 2017

Useful books

  1. P.Nath(preferred) /das for physical anthropology.Nath is very useful for misc topics also
  2. Social anthropology by majumdar/madan
  3. Makhan jha’s book of anthropology theories
  4. Indian anthropology by R.N. Sharma
  5. Indian anthropology by Nadeem Hasnan

About these Books

  1. is interesting but not commission exam oriented. Just keep glancing at it when u feel bored with other stuff thats more than enough. Do not waste time trying to cram it line by line.
  2. R.n.sharma is good for tribal topics, also get hold muniratnam sir’s notes plus do keep updating and make notes from min. Of tribal affairs websites wrt tribal legislations,schemes
  3. P.nath is good for the genetics /biology part
  4. Makhan Jha is an essential book as there are no good books available exclusively for theories) also make use of internet and prepare notes for theories given in union public service commission syllabus that are not in makhan jha.
  5. Das/nath havesimple diagrams for physical part but parts are not marked in both. There is a physical anthro book by r.n.sharma which has well marked parts but instead of buying that book just for diagrams,i suggest you see the topic in das/nath and then google the topic (eg. Neanderthal skull) you’l get beautiful diagrams.for diagrams on pre historic tools, ” an outline of indian prehistory ” by d.k.bhattacharya is good but again instead of getting the book you can get it from the internet. Most of my flow charts are result of my own thoughts- i just make a pictographic representation of the whole broad concept,didnt refer anywhere for it.

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

  • Try to start preparation as soon as upsc preliminary examination are over(thats the reason for me posting now) instead of choosing it late and feeling sorry better start your preparation asap. I finished the whole thing in 4 months.
  • Try attempting physical anthro based and theory based questions as much as possible.from what i know, socio based questions fetch lesser marks comparitively( i avoided questions like those on origin of language in the exam even though i knew it)
  • When you come across a case study, note it down as use it at appropriate topics where you are expected to explain the concept
  • Practice diagrams for physical part, diagrams will ultimately fetch us more marks
  • Do not ignore theories part ,selective study is always dangerous
  • Try to make good notes for theories and misc part as good material is not available in market.
  • Keep updating the latest trends and developments in anthropology from newspaper/magazines and internet

Importance of diagrams in anthropology answer writing

  • It’s more catchy and provides more information,saves examiner’s time also- if he finds your diagram to be very good, he’l be more inclined to like your description too.. So as far as physical anthro is concerned, neat diagrams will definitely give us an edge over others.. So practice diagrams
  • By diagrams i meant anatomical -skull,vertebra,bones,teeth diagrams when we are asked to write about prehistoric man,also a good comparative diagram with modern man also can be given(depending on question).for questions on prehistoric stages you can give good diagrams of the tools used then, a rough picture of the habitat, some pictures of artefacts found etc.. Its easier to draw diagrams and then explain.
  • Just read the theory part then spend 5 mins for looking at the diagram, then try and do a rough sketch.. 15 mins /day for the diagrams should be more than enough.. That too its only when you read the physical part..
  • diagrams are important ( for physical anthro part only) because you can draw a picture and explain things easily than writing paras and paras( saves time too). It also shows that you know the concept better. Nobody will reduce your marks for not drawing, but you are bound to get more if u give neat sketches. So if you want really high scores then you have to pay attention to it.
  • For non physical anthro part – give some pictorial additions – like a cycle(eg. Bonded labour question in 2010)/ flow chart- that way we have an edge over others
  • Question : Is it required to draw skeletons and dentition for questions on neanderthals, australopithecines etc?? Answer. Yes.. Diagrams will definitely fetch you more marks..
  • focussed preparation with good strategy and guidance will definitely succeed

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

Preparation approach for Anthropology

For both Paper 1 and Paper 2, One must make short and crisp notes on areas like Archaeology and Hominid Fossils. The Physical Anthropology of paper 1 is marks fetching, therefore questions from this area must be attempted in examination. Paper 2 has become dynamic for the last 2 years so keep watch on the current happening in newspapers which are related to the topics in Anthropology optional syllabus.

Efficiently use Internet for any clarification or derivative study for related topics or issues. Annual report published in the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and other governmental reports concerning with the welfare of SC, ST and minorities should be looked upon once.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Botany Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Botany Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Botany Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Botany optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist or plant scientist is a scientist who specialises in this field.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Botany Paper 2017

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Botany Paper

you should know about the Civil Services Botany Paper Syllabus.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Botany Syllabus 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Botany Paper 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Botany Paper

Preparation of Botany (mains)

It’s advisable to start Botany preparation as early as possible after the upsc preliminary examination and with focussed, systematic study one can complete the subject by end of august.

Useful Reference Books for Botany

  1. Microbiology by Prescott et al, 5th edition
  2. Algae & Bryophyta by H. N. Shrivastava
  3. Phycology by Lee
  4. Pteridophytes by Parihar
  5. Gymnosperms by G. L. Chopra & V. Verma.
  6. Taxonomy by O.P. Sharma.
  7. Plant Anatomy by Vashishtha
  8. Botany: A Human concern – R S P Verma
  9. Molecular Cell Biology – by Harvey Lodish, James Darnell and others (6th edition – 2007; WH Freeman Publication).
  10. Genetics by Klug and Cummings
  11. Biotechnology by B. D. Singh
  12. Plant Physiology by Devlin & Witham, 4th Ed [A basic but essential reading]
  13. Ecology by E P Odum

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Botany, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Botany carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas. You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for Biology–Std. XI and XII

(b) Botany for Degree Students – Dr. A. C. Dutta

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

The most fruitful parts in the Paper I of the Main Examination Syllabus are:(a)  Plant Diversity –In this area, do not go for excessive study of life cycles. First of all, the selection of the genera for your coverage must be done carefully. (b) Angiosperm Systematics – as this area tends to give a fixed question in paper I (c) Embryology of Angiosperms and Morphogenesis – This area is relatively small but can give you at least one full length question plus one short note, thus accounting for about 80 marks in a paper of 300 marks. (d) Economic Botany, which normally carries a weightage of about 40 marks.

If a student covers these areas thoroughly (with a possible elimination of the questions that were asked just the last year), s/he can be absolutely sure of handling 5 questions in the Main Examination Paper I with very balanced answers.

For equally good performance in Paper II, the student needs to cover the following areas:

(a)  An account of cell organelles & processes. In Botany, you need to focus a bit more on Cellular Processes like Cell division cycle and its regulation, Vesicular transport, Signal transduction, Chromosomal aberrations etc. There is usually a greater focus on these topics in the recent years.

(b)  Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology.

(c)  Plant Physiology & Biochemistry

(d)  Ecology (Only for Short Notes)

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage. Recent short notes on Cell Signaling and DNA Replication are examples of such questions.

How to Study Botany for IAS Mains

There are many reasons to make Botany a favourite optional subject, of late, with the students of Botany, Zoology, Agriculture, Medicine, Pharmacy and Chemistry background.
(1) The subject, being from the science stream, is straight and conceptual in nature. Even if you do not have great skills of language but if you can understand and internalize the basic concepts and facts in a simplified manner, you can score very well.
(2)  If you are a graduate with Botany, then all that you need is the coverage of the topics you have not covered in B.Sc. plus a finishing touch to your existing knowledge base according to the Civil Service Examination. These requirements can be fulfilled in a relatively short period of time.
(3)  Being a Science subject, the syllabus is very well defined. So, you can carry out your preparation by remaining precisely within the boundaries of the syllabus.
(4)  The questions which are asked are straightforward and basic in nature. So, writing a good, balanced answer is not difficult for anyone who has mastered the basic concepts.
(5)   Last but not the least; a number of areas in the Botany syllabus (for example Environmental Issues) are extremely relevant to the General Studies preparation as well.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

  • Download UPSC Mains Botany Question Papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Botany 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Chemistry Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Chemistry Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Chemistry Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Chemistry optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. Chemistry is a branch of physical science that studies the composition, structure, properties and change of matter. Chemistry includes topics such as the properties of individual atoms, how atoms form chemical bonds to create chemical compounds, the interactions of substances through intermolecular forces that give matter its general properties, and the interactions between substances through chemical reactions to form different substances.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Chemistry Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Chemistry Paper 2017

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Chemistry Paper

you should know about the Civil Services Chemistry Paper Syllabus. Get UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS. There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Chemistry is an optional subject and each Chemistry paper of 250 marks. Proper selection of the optional subject in upsc ias mains paper is important. Most of the syllabus of upsc ias mains chemistry subject is covered by physical and organic chemistry. Details of the UPSC ias mains Chemistry syllabus is given below.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Chemistry Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Chemistry Paper

Preparation of Chemistry (mains)

It’s advisable to start Chemistry preparation as early as possible after the upsc preliminary examination and with focussed, systematic study one can complete the subject by end of august.

Books on Chemistry as Optional subject for IAS Exam are as Follows:

Organic Chemistry

  • Bonding and shape of organic molecules, Stereo chemistry of carbon compound – Reactions and reagents – O.P. Agarwal
  • A guide to mechanism in organic chemistry – Peter Sykes
  • Rest all the chapters – A text book of organic chemistry – Bahl & Ba

Inorganic Chemistry

  • Atomic Structure – Principle of physical chemistry – Puri, Sharma & Pathwa
  • Advance Inorganic Chemistry – J.D. Lee
  • Chemical Periodicity, Chemical bonding,Coordination compound- Maden, Malik, Tuli
  • Theoretical principles of inorganic chemistry – G.S. Manku Buy Now
  • Extradiction of metals, Principle of inorganic chemistry – Puri, Sharma, Jauhar.

Rest all the chapters

  • An advance inorganic chemistry – J.D. Lee
  • Pollution and its control – A text book of environmental chemistry and pollution – S.S. Dara.

Physical Chemistry

  • Principals of Physical Chemistry (Gaseous state, Thermodynamics, Phase rule, solutions, Colligative properties, Electro Chemistry, Catalysis, Colloids) – Puri, Sharma & Pathawa
  • Chemical kinetics – Advance physical chemistry – Gurdeep Raj
  • Photo chemistry – A text book of physical chemistry (Vol. – IV) – K.L. Kapoor
  • Advance physical chemistry – Gurdeep Raj

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Chemistry, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Chemistry carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas. You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for Biology–Std. XI and XII

(b) Chemistry for Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Chemistry for IAS Mains

There are many reasons to make Chemistry a favourite optional subject, of late, with the students of Chemistry, Zoology, Agriculture, Medicine, Pharmacy and Chemistry background.
(1) The subject, being from the science stream, is straight and conceptual in nature. Even if you do not have great skills of language but if you can understand and internalize the basic concepts and facts in a simplified manner, you can score very well.
(2)  If you are a graduate with Chemistry, then all that you need is the coverage of the topics you have not covered in B.Sc. plus a finishing touch to your existing knowledge base according to the Civil Service Examination. These requirements can be fulfilled in a relatively short period of time.
(3)  Being a Science subject, the syllabus is very well defined. So, you can carry out your preparation by remaining precisely within the boundaries of the syllabus.
(4)  The questions which are asked are straightforward and basic in nature. So, writing a good, balanced answer is not difficult for anyone who has mastered the basic concepts.
(5)   Last but not the least; a number of areas in the Chemistry syllabus (for example Environmental Issues) are extremely relevant to the General Studies preparation as well.

Paper 1

  • Paper 1 of Chemistry has two major branches: Physical Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. These two branches are simple as well as scoring. The syllabus does not clearly define Section A and Section B in Paper 1. However, in the main examination question paper Section A invariably contains three questions including compulsory from Physical Chemistry. There is usually one question from Inorganic Chemistry.The first two topics, Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding, are conceptual and should be prepared from standard sources. Even though these portions can give you direct questions as well, their importance will be felt in many other sections of the course.
  • In Solid State Chemistry, you need to prepare separately for numerical and theoretical problems. Gaseous State is a newly added section in Paper 1 and the best thing about this section is that it has a simple mathematical base. Prepare it adequately from a good book and it is bound to be rewarding.
  • In Thermodynamics, be careful to maintain an orientation of Chemistry. There is a common tendency among engineers to treat the questions too mathematically. But in Chemistry, you have to treat heat change along with chemical change. For a good score, your derivations must be standard, i.e. as covered in books like S Glasstone’s. You can be somewhat selective in Thermodynamics section, based on past trends.
  • Statistical Thermodynamics is a newly-added part, and it is quite scoring. The section on Phase Equilibria needs good writing practice besides command over numerical problems. The emphasis in electrochemistry should be on numerical problems, as they are relatively easy and make the paper scoring.
  • Chemical Kinetics and Photochemistry are, once again, predominantly numerical-based areas. So practice will be the key to handle these sections well. Photochemistry is especially important; it has been giving numerical problems of at least 30 marks every year.
  • Coordination chemistry is a large topic, covering nearly two full-length questions. Students are advised to cover this section thoroughly.
  • The topic of Bio-Inorganic Chemistry requires some good material collection. Bob Buchanan’s book on Plant Molecular Biology and Biochemistry will be a useful source.

Rest of the topics in Paper 1 should be covered selectively, provided you have covered the preceding parts well.

Paper 2

Paper 2 comprises completely of Organic Chemistry. In the new scheme of the syllabus, it’s a highly scoring paper due to several factors: mathematical orientation, straight factual queries, objective nature of most of the question, no dearth of quality material and emphasis on reaction mechanisms.

The student, while preparing for Paper 2, is required to keep the following things in mind:

  • Your approach has to be simple, standard and to the point;
  • you require to practice the numerical problems rigorously and you must have a clear knowledge of reaction mechanisms, as the questions are increasingly being asked straight and factual.
  • In Pericyclic Reaction section, a greater emphasis has to be on diagrams rather than on theoretical explanation and practice name reactions thoroughly from standard sources.
  • The orientation of orbitals and molecular orbital diagrams are necessary.
  • In re-agent section also, your approach has to be completely factual.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Chemistry 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Civil Engineering Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Civil Engineering Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Civil Engineering Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Civil Engineering optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Civil Engineering Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Civil Engineering Paper 2017

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Civil Engineering Paper

UPSC MAINS CIVIL ENGINEERING SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Civil Engineering Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Civil Engineering Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams . There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In UPSC mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Civil engineering subject comes under UPSC optional subject. UPSC civil engineering exam also called engineering services exam. UPSC civil engineering exam is preferable for civil engineering students. Each civil engineering paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each civil engineering mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of UPSC 2017 civil engineering mains exam.Details of the UPSC ias mains Civil Engineering syllabus is given below.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Civil Engineering Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Civil Engineering Paper

Preparation of Civil Engineering (mains)

It’s advisable to start Civil Engineering preparation as early as possible after the upsc preliminary examination and with focussed, systematic study one can complete the subject by end of august.

Books on Civil Engineering as Optional subject for IAS Exam are as Follows:

  • Engineering Mechanics – Shames
  • Mechanics for Engineers- B Johnson
  • Engineering Mechanics – Mchean
  • Limit State Design – Ram Chandra
  • Surveying – Punmia
  • Strength of Material – V. N. Vazaram
  • Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering – A Singh and K R Arora
  • Strength and Materials -UC. Jindal
  • Introduction to Mechanics of Solids
  • Basic and applied Fluid Mechanics-Garde
  • Strength of material – Gere and Timoshenko
  • Concrete Technology – M.S. Shetty
  • R.C.C. (WSM) – Shyal and Goyal
  • R.C.C. (LSM) – A.K. Jain
  • Steel Structure – L.S. Negi
  • Soil Mechanics – K.R. Arora
  • Fluid Mechanics – Modi & Seth
  • Theory of Structure (Vol – II) – Vazirani and Ratwani
  • Irrigation Engineering – S.K. Garg
  • Prestress Concrete – N. Krishna Rajee
  • Engineering Hydrology – K. Subramanya

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Civil Engineering, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Civil Engineering carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas. You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for Biology–Std. XI and XII

(b) Civil Engineering for Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Civil Engineering for IAS Mains

Importance of related IS-codes: Paper 1 deals with Engineering Mechanics, Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis. Construction Management including safety in construction is based on the IS codes. The related IS-codes form an important part of this paper.

The right strategy should be to go through each section of the syllabus and pick up the books and read them carefully. First pick up lighter books to clear your concepts and then go on to read the advance books.

Cover the entire syllabus and after reading each segment and make notes of them simultaneously. Remember that your notes will be the final course material for reading and revising in future. So take your time and do a good job with it.

Prepare out short notes of important formulas and important points relevant to conventional type questions and just before the examination rely solely on it.

Go ahead and start your preparation with books listed here. If any section of the syllabus is not covered in these books, you can look for other suggestive readings.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Civil Engineering 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

How to Prepare UPSC Commerce and Accountancy Paper 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services  Commerce and Accountancy Paper preparation tips & strategies. Now we will teach you strategy of “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Commerce and Accountancy Paper 2017″. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Commerce and Accountancy optional for Civil Services Exam, considering its various aspects. Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations. Accounting, which has been called the “language of business”, measures the results of an organization’s economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators. Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants.

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Commerce and Accountancy Paper 2017

How to Prepare UPSC Commerce and Accountancy Paper 2017

Step 1 : Know the Syllabus – Commerce and Accountancy Paper

UPSC MAINS COMMERCE AND ACCOUNTANCY SYLLABUS 2017. Get UPSC Mains Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC Mains Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC Mains Exam Pattern & Structure for 2017 & 2018 exams .

How is Commerce and Accountancy as an Optional?

It is one of the lengthy optional in terms of time needed for preparation & revision and the larger part of the syllabus is static in nature. The biggest hurdle that arises during preparation is that it requires vast reading and then integration form different sources so that coverage is comprehensive. Supply of study material is limited hence there is more reliance on coaching is increased. It provides advantage as graduation and professional studies are utilized and around 150 marks numerical are there which can fetch very good marks.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Commerce and Accountancy Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Commerce and Accountancy Paper

Commerce and Accountancy consists of two papers i.e. Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 2 is full of theory which, in my view, anybody can do it with ease. Questions are straightforward unlike that of Public Administration, etc. Some sort of problem you will face is in Paper 1. For a commerce graduate, I think Commerce & Accounting optional choice is very good. Because these two subjects are your parent subjects and it is easy to you for preparation.  But for a science student it may not be a very wise choice to opt for this optional.

Books for Commerce Optional For UPSC Paper – 1

  • Indian Financial System by M.Y. Khan
  • Financial Management; Text & Problems by Khan & Jain
  • Corporate Accounting by Naseem Ahmed
  • Practical Approach to Income Tax, Service Tax, VAT and Wealth Tax : Problems & Solutions By Gupta & Ahuja

Books for Commerce Optional For UPSC Paper – 2

  • An Introduction to Business Organisation & Management by B.P. Singh and T.N. Chhabra
  • Human Resource Management: Text and Cases
  • Industrial Relations, Trade Unions and Labour Legislation by P.R.N Sinha

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

The preparation for Mains must be over before you start with Preliminary preparation, as the Main exam syllabus covers nearly 75% of the requirements of the Preliminary examination.

If a student has not done graduation with Commerce and Accountancy, the suggested strategy would be as follows.

(1) Surveying the syllabus of Commerce and Accountancy carefully and identifying the completely unfamiliar areas.

(2)  Going through at least 2 basic books with a purpose to acquaint yourself with the unfamiliar areas. You can consider the following books:(a) The NCERT Text Books for Biology–Std. XI and XII

(b) Commerce and Accountancy for Degree Students

(3)  Doing a careful survey of the past 5 years’ Main Examination Question Papers and identifying the areas of significance.

(4)  Identifying the most fruitful areas:

(5)  If we see the Main Examination paper of last few years, then it is obvious that the UPSC can ask even a short note on a topic which is otherwise quite long in coverage.

How to Study Commerce and Accountancy for IAS Mains

Study approach for Commerce and Accountancy

This optional is meant for Patience and Calmness. We need to make different strategies for both paper.

Strategy For Paper – 1: There will definitely be some unpredictable and unexpected questions which need to be smarty avoided in choice. For compulsory questions don’t beat around the bush if answer is not known. Invest the time in known questions & numerical types which will get you easy marks. Even if 40-50 marks questions are unanswered then also around 140 is achievable easily.

Strategy For Paper – 2: Remember for the compulsory questions the strategy will be the same as for Paper 1. Choice making here is more important as you will have a little knowledge of every question shall be there. After choosing careful reading of question is needed, before writing & while writing so that you do not miss any important point.

How to write answers in Commerce and Accountancy paper?

Introduction should be there and can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again.

Diagrams can be used effectively. Ending of answers should always be visionary or positive with example if needed or with some lines. There should be mixed use of paragraphs and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again in many different questons.

  • Commerce is one of the technical optional and provides advantage to commerce graduates as your college and professional studies are utilized in both paper 1 & 2. There are about 150 marks worth numerical, which can fetch very good marks. Besides, large portion of the syllabus is static in nature.
  • However, Commerce is also one of the lengthy optional in terms of time required for preparation & revision.
  • The biggest hurdle is that commerce requires vast reading and then integration from different sources, for a comprehensive coverage in paper 1 and 2.
  • Since UPSC numericals are very unpredictable, it requires high level of competence.
  • In this scenario, there is no harm in taking coaching if you’re uncomfortable. For example, I did join coaching for Paper-II, since the basics are taught in class and regular test provide a check. Besides, time is saved since you don’t have to refer to material from different sources
  • But a word of caution: coaching helps only around 20-25%, rest is application and hardwork of student itself.

Commerce Paper1

  • For CA students who have not joined any coaching classes- refer to your CA PCC/IPCC material, instead of putting time in different standard books.
  • You can also rely on coaching class, but only after prudently analyzing past year questions.
Topic & Prep. Source Remarks
Financial Accounting : JR Monga & DS Rawat(For AS) OR Material of CA PCC.
  • Focus more on Accounting Standards and presentation (for numericals) should be taken care of properly with working notes.
  • No need to practice again & again. Just mark the important adjustments/questions and refer them only in subsequent revisions.
Cost Accounting: Maheswari & Mittal plus theoretical part from either book itself or some compilation like CA PCC scanner. Also material of RANKER’s CLASSES (RC) provides very good compilation of numericals and theory. OR Material of CA PCC can be referred. Emphasis should be given on theory equally.
Taxation: GirishAhuja OR CA PCC. One can go in depth initially and mark important adjustments and later on focus on basics itself. Again theoretical portion is important like exceptions to any section/rule etc. Overall questions are of graduation level only.
Auditing : CA PCC notes for relevant topics or Aruna Jha or Compilation from RC.
Financial Management : RP Rastogi OR CA PCC notes plus relevant topics from CA Final can also be seen. FM has been the most wicked portion for past few years but don’t try to control this part as question have wide range. Just see you’re aware of different models/concepts/terms that come along.
Financial Markets and Institution :Relevant Chapters from Indian Financial system by Bharati V Pathak or any other book and newspaper cuttings provided by RC. Keep track of steps/initiatives by RBI,SEBI,IRDA etc.
  • I did not prepare this section in detail, since it is highly unpredictable and I suggest not to waste much time in it.
  • For paper 1, exam day revision is impossible and therefore make chaperwise notes of important formulae and adjustment which are tricky especially for Acct,FM and Cost.For tax,one can go in slight details also.

Capsule for Exam Hall

  • In exam hall patience & calmness holds the key since there will definitely be bouncers (unpredictable & unexpected questions). You’ve to smartly avoid them in Choice and for compulsory questions don’t beat around the bush if you don’t know the answer.
  • Rather invest the time in known questions & numericals.
  • Even if 25-40 marks questions are unanswered, still you can achieve 140 easily. Try to attempt more numerials than theory.

Paper-1 Analysis

2015 Paper was highly unpredictable and high level of difficulty was there with average score being 100 only for many candidates.
2014 In 2014 exactly opposite paper was set. Questions were easy.However,in both the years mix of theory and practical was there.

How to prepare Commerce Paper2

  • I followed Rankers material and class notes sincerely for paper 2 together with good reading of basic books mentioned below and compiled all of them in around 80 pages Organization Theory and Behavior, Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations.
  • Organisation Theory & OB : SP Robbins OT book (for different models/terms/concepts),Singh & chhabra. SP Robbins OB book(only relevant chapters) PLUS RC notes and answers.
  • Human Resources Management (HRM) : CB Gupta,RC notes and answers.
  • Industrial Relations : RC notes are sufficient.

Remarks

  • Here preparation should start with a general reading & developing the conceptual clarity with subsequent reading focusing upon important definition by authors/thinkers, establishing links with other topics/chapters and current corporate practices.
  • After reading the definition & basic explanation try to think before studying in detail.

Notes making for Paper-II

  • Note making is very important here wherein diagrams,verbatim defintions(by thinkers),examples & only core points should be noted without explanation.
  • Topics from all sources should be integrated at one place.
  • Important lines from class notes should be on the lips like NR Murthy says “ our most important assets walk out everyday and we have to make sure they return” in context of HRM.

Capsule for Exam Hall

  • For compulsory question same as for Paper 1.Choice here is more important as little knowledge of every question shall be there.
  • So,after choice careful reading of question is needed before writing & while writing also.
  • Make use of all chapters and topics in your answers but basic tone of answer should be maintained like for HR answers,focus more on such dimensions and less of OB etc.Also avoid GS type and general answers.

Answer writing

  1. For Long answers-Introduction can be either indirect through some lines or quotes or direct with general explanation followed by exact definition.
  2. Thereafter topic need to be explained in short followed by establishing links with other chapters and focusing on the question again. Here give a pause,read the question again & think again. Diagrams can be used effectively.
  3. Ending of the answers should always be visionary/positive and solution based with example if needed or with some lines.
  4. There should be mixed use of paras and points. Examples should be quoted wherever possible but refrain from using one enterprise again & again.
  5. For short answers, write the basic definition and then directly hit the core.
  6. Ending should be solution based. For merit/demerit/feature use diagram or points.
  7. Test series can be joined for practice.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Commerce and Accountancy 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

 

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