UPSC Mains Sanskrit Syllabus 2017 – Language Paper

UPSC IAS MAINS SANSKRIT EXAM SYLLABUS for 2017. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS SANSKRIT EXAM SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS SANSKRIT EXAM Syllabus.Earlier, we have shared UPSC MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER PUNJABI SYLLABUS.

Also Check : Download UPSC Civil Services Sanskrit Question Papers

UPSC MAINS LANGUAGE PAPER SANSKRIT SYLLABUS: In UPSC mains exam there are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Sanskrit is one of the optional in the IAS main exam. You can opt for the Sanskrit language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Sanskrit language as the main subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Sanskrit literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each UPSC mains Sanskrit paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Sanskrit language mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of UPSC Sanskrit mains exam.

UPSC MAINS LANGUAGE PAPER SANSKRIT SYLLABUS

UPSC MAINS Language Paper Sanskrit Syllabus

UPSC MAINS LANGUAGE PAPER SANSKRIT SYLLABUS Paper-I

There will be three questions as indicated in the question paper which must be answered in Sanskrit. The remaining questions must be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium of examination opted by the candidate.

Section-A

  1. Significant features of the grammar, with particular stress on Sanjna, Sandhi, Karaka, Samasa, Kartari and Karmani vacyas (voice usages) (to be answered in Sanskrit).
  2. (a) Main characteristics of Vedic Sanskrit language.
    (b) Prominent features of classical Sanskrit language.
    (c) Contribution of Sanskrit to linguistic studies.
  3. General Knowledge of:- (a) Literary history of Sanskit,
    (b) Principal trends of literary criticism
    (c) Ramayana,
    (d) Mahabharata
    (e) The origin and development of literary geners of:
    Mahakavya Rupaka (drama) Katha Akhyayika Campu Khandakavya Muktaka Kavya.Section-B
  4. Essentials of Indian Culture with stress on a) Purusarthasb) Samskarasc) Varnasramavyavastha
    d) Arts and fine arts
    e) Technical sciences
  5. Trends of Indian Philosophy a) Mimansa
    b) Vedanta
    c) Nyaya
    d) Vaisesika
    e) Sankhya
    f) Yoga
    g) Bauddha
    h) Jaina
    i) Carvaka
  6. Short Essay in Sanskrit
  7. Unseen passage with the questions, to be answered in Sanskrit.

UPSC MAINS LANGUAGE PAPER SANSKRIT SYLLABUS Paper 2 

Question from Group 4 is to be answered in Sanskrit only. Question from Groups 1, 2 and 3 are to be answered either in Sanskrit or in the medium opted by the candidate.

Section-A

General study of the following groups:-
Group 1

a) Raghuvamsam-Kalidasa
b) Kumarasambhavam-Kalidasa
c) Kiratarjuniyam-Bharavi
d) Sisupalavadham-Magha
e) Naisadhiyacaritam-Sriharsa
f) Kadambari-Banabhatta
g) Dasakumaracaritam -Dandin
h) Sivarajyodayam-S.B. Varnekar

Group 2
a) Isavasyopanisad
b) Bhagavadgita
c) Sundarakanda of Valmiki’s Ramayana
d) Arthasastra of Kautilya

Group 3
a) Svapnavasavadattam- Bhasa
b) Abhijnanasakuntalam- Kalidasa
c) Mrcchakatikam-Sudraka
d) Mudraraksasam-Visakhadatta
e) Uttararamacaritam- Bhavabhuti
f) Ratnavali-Sriharshavardhana
g) Venisamharam- Bhattanarayana

Group 4
Short notes in Sanskrit on the following:-
a) Meghadutam-Kalidasa
b) Nitisatakam-Bhartrhari
c) Panchtantra
d)Rajatarangini-Kalhana
e) Harsacaritam-Banabhatta
f) Amarukasatakam-Amaruka
g) Gitagovindam-Jayadeva

Section-B
Questions from Groups 1 & 2 are to be answered in Sanskrit only. (Questions from Groups 3 & 4 are to be answered in Sanskrit or in the medium opted by the candidate).

This Section will require first hand reading of the following selected texts :-

Group 1
(a) Raghuvansam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
(b) Kumarasambhavam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10
(c) Kiratarjuniyam-Canto I, Verses 1 to 10

Group 2
(a) Isavasyopanisad-verses-1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 15 and 18
(b) Bhagavatgita II chapter verses 13 to 25
(c) Sundarakandam of Valmiki Canto 15, Verses 15 to 30 (Geeta Press Edition)

Group 3
(a) Meghadutam-verses 1 to 10
(b) Nitisatakam-Verses 1 to 10 (Edited by D.D. Kosambi Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Publication)
(c) Kadambari-Sukanaso-padesa (only)

Group 4
(a) Svapnavasavadattam Act VI
(b) Abhijnansakuntalam Act IV verses 15 to 30 (M.R. Kale Edition)
(c) Uttararamacharitam Act 1 verses 31 to 47 (M.R. Kale Edition)

Sanskrit is the primary sacred language of India. Improve writing skills for UPSC mains sanskrit literature exam. Handwriting should be legible for IAS mains exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep UPSC Sanskrit main syllabus and previous papers for reference.

Where can you score more in Civil Services Mains Exam?

Civil Services Exam (CSE) Mains examination is designed to test the intellectual prowess of an aspirant. It is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates.There are two papers of 300 marks each in the CSE Mains examination. In the General guidelines given, it is stated that

The nature and standard of question in the General Studies papers will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study“.

Although the syllabus prescribes many distinct areas like Indian Polity, India and the World, India’s Economic interaction with the world, social and economic issues and so on, the questions asked are primarily from interlinked areas and mostly from current issues.This implies that the aspirant of CSE Mains exam should develop the habit of understanding things around in a logical manner and of expressing the ideas in a concise and analytical fashion.

Tips to remember when attempting the CSE Mains exams:

The descriptive nature of the questions in the CSE Mains exam makes it difficult for the examiner who perhaps checks 400-500 answer sheets a day, to devote a lot of time to a single paper. Therefore, it becomes absolutely necessary for you to ensure that you present your answers uniquely such that it can grab the examiner’s attention.

To make your paper stand out in CSE Mains exam the following pointers could prove beneficial:

  • Use of two colors for heading and its points, underlining important points
  • Maintaining proper format and aesthetical/organized presentation of the answer
  • Answering to the point and not beating around the bush
  • Use of diagrams or flowcharts wherever necessary to present your answer in a better way

Questions to attempt that can fetch you some easy marks:

1) In a CSE Mains exam, a major part of the “General Studies” section of the question paper involves questions about Ethics, Integrity, Aptitude and Decision making.

Though there are several coaching classes and books available to help an aspirant prepare for the CSE Mains exam, this part of the question paper solely relies on the individuality of each aspirant. It does not require extensive research or study, but this is where the examiner tries to understand the aspirant’s unique thought process, and tries to derive whether they could be successful in what they aim or not. It tests your awareness in general public matters as well as emergencies.

2) Essay paper is the trump card in the CSE Mains examination.

It appears simple but getting a decent score in this 200 marks paper is not that easy. Many of the aspirants might not have penned down an essay in their lifetime. But it is not a cause for worry.The pursuits of comprehension, precision and articulation, practiced in the General Studies papers will help here. The style and flow will come through practice. In particular, critical analysis requires perfection of timing through practice.

In order to ace the CSE Mains exam, you need to develop the habit of writing concisely, precisely and timely-in all the areas of the syllabus. It is a time tested method for maximization of score in the CSE Mains exam.

Important Articles:

UPSC Myths busted

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts exams to recruit candidates for different government services like Civil Services, NDA, CDS, SCRA, CISF etc. Among these several examinations the most tough and popular exam is the Civil Services Examination (CSE). The CSE is very often referred to as the IAS exam and includes close to 24 services like IFS, IPS, IRS, IPRS etc apart from IAS. Several lakhs of candidates fill out the CSE application form and compete for just 1000-1100 vacancies. Being such a popular examination and due to recent changes made in its examination pattern; there are certain myths which have been associated with the UPSC exam.

Myths associated with CSE examination are:

  • It is impossible to clear UPSC exam in the first attempt – Many candidates think that UPSC exam cannot be cleared in the first attempt and so generally they do not give their 100% in their first attempt. The final results in the past few years have shown that many candidates have been able to clear all the stages of CSE in their first attempt itself.
  • Fluency and command over English language – Another common UPSC myth is that only those who are fluent and confident in English stand a chance of final selection in CSE. Apart from the compulsory paper on English, candidates can write the exam in their vernacular language. So a little dedicated work on Basic English is usually enough.
  • Graduates in Arts and Humanities have an advantage over other graduates – This was true to some extent in the earlier pattern of the examination. But with the revised exam pattern and increased age limit; the UPSC exam is now a more level playing field for graduates from different streams.
  • UPSC exam is only for IAS, IPS and IFS selection – Although these three services remain the most popular and preferred choice among the candidates, there are a total of 24 services to which one can get admissions through the UPSC exams. If one does not want to waste his/her year, they can very well opt to join these services and prepare again next year to target elite services like IAS, IPS and IFS.
  • Candidates need to join classes in Delhi to crack UPSC exams – Over the past few decades, Delhi has evolved as a hub for coaching institutes training students to crack the UPSC exams. So it came to be believed that if one has to give a serious attempt at being selected, then he/she has to move to Delhi for preparations. This is no longer true in today’s context. Apart from good quality coaching institutes now being available in other parts of the country, digital media and the internet have helped many candidates gain access to good quality study material.

Related Article: UPSC Preparation: Coaching or Self Study?

  • One needs to study at least 18-20 hours daily  – It is true that the candidates have to cover a vast syllabus and have to stay updated on the latest current affairs, but it does not mean that one has to study 18-20 hours daily. This is practically not possible in the long run. So to avoid this trap, UPSC exam needs a smart study plan and preparations beginning in advance.

Related Article: Time Management for UPSC Preparation

  • Older candidates have less chance at selection – Earlier many young candidates used to get selected in the final list. But it does not mean that candidates who are close to the age-limit do not stand a chance just because they are old. Older candidates also have an equal chance of clearing the UPSC exams. What matters is your understanding of a wide variety of issues, irrespective of your age.

IAS MAINS Exam Pattern & Subjects 2017

Get IAS MAINS EXAM PATTERN & PAPERS of 2017 Exam.We had already provided UPSC civil Services Exam Notification 2017 & UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam Syllabus & Subjects 2017 in detail. Before going to attempt UPSC Civil Services Mains exam, students must know about UPSC Mains Exam Pattern, what are the exam papers & what are the subjects in UPSC Mains 2017 exam. Here we are providing UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus & Structure for 2017 exam. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has revised the pattern of Civil Services Main examination. Civil services mains exam 2017 syllabus in detail is given below. The written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying papers and seven papers counted for ranking. As per Civil services mains new syllabus general studies papers consisting 1000 marks. Details of the Civil services mains syllabus for individual subjects.

 

IAS MAINS Exam Pattern & subjects 2017

IAS Mains Exam Pattern & Papers 2017

Qualifying Papers on Indian Languages and English

(300 marks for each qualifying paper)

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
Indian Languages :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.
Note 1: 
The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2:
 The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper 1: Essay

(250 marks)

Candidates may be required to write an essay on specific topic. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2: General Studies 1 

(250 marks)

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper 3 : General Studies 2 

(250 marks)

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

Paper 4: General Studies 3

 (250 marks)

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper 5: General Studies 4 

(250 marks)

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper 6 and 7: Optional Subjects

(250 marks each paper)

Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)

Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:

List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination

  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Agriculture
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology

Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examination .Lot of the students will be eliminate in the Civil services prelims exam. Civil services mains syllabus is vast but it requires great preparation. Utilizing the time efficiently and Writing skills will play key role in mains exam. Students appearing for Civil services mains exam must get clarity on each subject and topic. I hope this Civil services mains new syllabus & subjects article may helpful to you in clearing the doubts. Candidates can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

Civil Services Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus 2017

Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 SYLLABUS & FULL TOPICS 2017 details. We had already provided UPSC civil Services Exam Notification 2017 & UPSC Civil Services Syllabus & Subjects for Mains exam 2017 in detail. Before going to attempt UPSC Civil Services Mains exam, students must know about UPSC Mains Exam Pattern, what are the UPSC CIVIL SERVICES SYLLABUS FOR MAINS GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 & FULL TOPICS 2017 & what are the Topics in UPSC Mains GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 2017 exam. Here we are also providing UPSC Civil Services Syllabus for Mains General Studies paper 1 Exam along with the Paper pattern. So, check UPSC Civil Services Syllabus for Mains General Studies paper 1 Exam from below.

Civil Services Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus 2017

Here we are providing UPSC Civil Services Syllabus for Mains Exam GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1  2017. UPSC (union public service commission) conducts the CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION (CSE) which is  a nationwide exam. UPSC has brought changes to UPSC CIVIL SERVICES syllabus and pattern. In this article you can found out new syllabus for CIVIL SERVICES MAINS General studies paper 1 in detail. In UPSC CIVIL SERVICES mains paper general studies papers play a major role. There are four general studies papers in UPSC mains examination and each general studies paper of 250 marks. Duration 3 hours.

CIVIL SERVICES MAINS GENERAL STUDIES PAPER 1 SYLLABUS

The following is the UPSC Civil Services Syllabus for Mains General Studies Paper 1 in detail which is for 250 marks

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

CIVIL SERVICES mains general studies paper 1 mainly focus on the topics

  • Indian Heritage and Culture
  • History and Geography of the World and Society

There are twenty- five(25) questions printed both in HINDI and ENGLISH in previous mains general studies paper 1 2015. All the questions in general studies paper-1 are compulsory. Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided.

No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one. Answer the questions in not more than 150 words each. One thing must be remember every CIVIL SERVICES aspirant is contents of the answer is more important than its length. While writing the civil services general studies paper student must have idea about beginning, content and how to conclude each question. So you must go through the each topic in the civil services general studies paper 1 syllabus and make a well strategy to how to prepare for civil services mains form previous papers.

All the best.

How to Prepare Agriculture Paper – UPSC Civil Services 2017

Today we are providing UPSC Civil Services Agriculture Paper preparation tips. Now we will teach you “How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services Agriculture Paper 2017”. This post is aimed to help you in forming your strategy for Agriculture optional for Civil Services and Forest Services Exam, considering its various aspects.

Who should opt for Agriculture?

Anyone who has academic background in Agriculture, Life Sciences, Botany, Biomedical Sciences, Biotechnology, Zoology, Dairy and other related fields.

Any aspirant with no prior knowledge of Biology should not opt it. She may score good in Paper I which is like general studies but Paper II becomes the eliminating factor if it is not covered exhaustively.

Why should one not opt for ‘Botany’ instead?

If you have Botany as your graduation or master’s subject then surely you should go with botany, but just in case if you don’t have interest in remembering all families characteristic features among others, then Agriculture is best optional for you.

Secondly, Paper II of Botany and Agriculture is quite similar if you see the syllabus but if you analyse last year question papers, if you will see that questions in Agriculture are easy in comparison to ‘Botany Paper II’.

 

How to Prepare UPSC Civil Services AgricultureStep 1 : Know the Syllabus

you should know about the Civil Services Agriculture Paper Syllabus.

Read : UPSC Civil Services Agriculture Syllabus 2017

Step 2 : Select the Best Reference Books for Agriculture

Recommended books for Agriculture:

  • Plant Breeding Principles and Methods- B.D. Singh
  • Fundamentals of Genetics- B.D. Singh
  • Plant Physiology- V.K. Jain
  • Introductory Soil Science- D.K. Das
  • Economics of Farm Production and Management- Raju and Rao
  • Principles of Agronomy-T.Y. Reddy and G.H.S. Reddi
  • Plant pathology- P.D. Sharma
  • Introduction to Horticulture- N Kumar

Step 3 : Prepare Important Topics

Agriculture Paper I Important Topics

Paper I basically focuses on farm practices and basic foundation of agriculture. Topics should be prepared in adequate length. Expression should be simple, application oriented and should consist of flowcharts as and when it’s required. Farm practices must correspond to the Indian situation.

Students should ensure that they should focus on sustainability and economic dimensions of any method. Some examples must correspond to recently debated issues in different areas. Agricultural marketing, pricing etc must have latest data taken from Government of India reports such as economic survey and ministry of agriculture’s annual report.

Agriculture Paper II Important Topics

Students who have opted for agriculture with botany need not prepare cell biology, genetics, biotechnology, plant breed, plant biochemistry and physiology separately. These topics are already covered in botany. There should be emphasis on agricultural application as well. Ideal books would be Plant Breeding by B D Singh and Plant Physiology by Jain.

Horticulture and Plant Pathology and Food Production only need to be covered separately. Students should always focus on India-specific examples and commercial aspect while writing about agriculture and any plant disease. For example, mention the loss in many terms due to a particular crop disease. Overlap with GS will be in areas like ecology and environment, food security, crop productivity, agricultural economics and sustainable agriculture.

Step 4 : Prepare Previous Question papers

Download UPSC Mains Agriculture Question Papers

  • Question Paper of 2016 [Paper-I] [PDF Format]
  • Question Paper of 2016 [Paper-II] [PDF Format]

Can I change my optional from Botany to Agriculture?

Yes, surely you can switch if you are struggling with Botany. In fact, you will be having an edge against Agriculture fresher aspirant as your Paper II of Agriculture is already completed (almost) if you have covered Botany syllabus exhaustively.

Is it scoring?

Of course it is. If you have similar background as mentioned above, you must go for it.

There is a myth that Agriculture is more scoring than Botany. Please don’t keep this in mind while preparing. Both are science subjects so if you know your concepts you can score equally in both.

Both subjects has equal percentage of topics that aspirant has to mug up (literally). Think of families (Cryptogams, Phanerogams) in Botany, and Horticulture and Pathology (Diseases and Measures) in Agriculture.

Agriculture got popular among Botany/ life sciences students after CSE 2013 in which Botany Paper was bit difficult and Agriculture was very easy. But in CSE 2015, both of these optionals were on equal footing. So, please do not hold opinions of one optional being easier than other, any optional demands right strategy and interest to excel.

How much time it takes to prepare?

4-5 months, if you study Agriculture 12-15 hours per week. This should be enough. Also, it depends on how much can you recall your graduation concepts.

Plant Breeding is the most conceptual, time taking and scoring part of the syllabus, while horticulture and pathology needs your notes making and revising skill to retain the topic.

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