Ethics is the most intriguing and misunderstood part of the Civil Services Exam (CSE) syllabus. With the inclusion of Ethics Paper in IAS Mains General Studies (GS Paper 4), CSE aspirants are in a predicament. As ethics is not a subject taught in schools/ colleges, it is quite natural from the candidates’ point of view to contemplate about the questions to be asked from the same. There is no need to panic and this area. If properly handled, in an efficient and effective manner, keeping in mind the demands of the syllabus and of course the time constraint, this paper can be high scoring.
Ethics as a Subject in IAS Mains GS
Ethics is a separate subject with no definite syllabus. The objective of the paper is to check the ethical side of a person. Good conceptual knowledge along with ability to use that knowledge contextually will be enough. The key is with how much simplicity and clarity one can put these views into words. To score high in ethics paper in CSE one needs a fresh writing style, clear thinking and wide reading.
Candidates’ attitude and approach in Integrity, probity in public life and problem solving approach are the areas tested in this paper. The paper is of 250 marks, comprising of theory questions and case studies. However the presence of case studies is not certain. Ethics and Human Interface is one area where theory questions covering the basics of ethics, human values and lessons from the life of great leaders can be expected in the ethics paper in CSE.
Previous year CSE question papers, makes clear that conventional learning will not help and one needs awareness about himself/herself. Dedicated time for preparation and reading will make one more equipped. Though extensive preparation is not necessary for this paper, trying to attempt Ethics directly at exam hall without preparation is not advised.
Preparation of ethics paper in CSE requires lot of self-analysis, developing a proper awareness regarding the subject. Ethical concepts have to be related to real life situations unlike other papers. Clarification of understanding about justification and moral obligations is needed. One has to explore practical solutions to different behavioral problems in the society.
Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology and Public Administration should be focused upon, in order to prepare for the ethics paper in CSE. The case studies asked by CSE are unique and there is no single solution to a case. There can be many elucidations of a case and different solutions. But here, one needs to have the attributes that are expected from a civil servant.
The question should not be approached as a simple problem statement where you are only supposed to provide solutions. One must identify core attributes that the case is trying to examine by going deeper into the case. All cases are different and are meant to test whether you are able to apply the concepts mentioned in the syllabus.
Ethics paper in CSE needs to be tackled with a different strategy as it needs more of internalizing the concepts and issues, based on what is ethical. Thinking logically, not being judgmental, not assuming the validity of any moral idea and learning to prioritize different principles will help a candidate tackle the ethics paper in CSE, successfully. One has to understand that section B which comprises of case studies, cannot be dealt without a firm theoretical base. All the answers in ethics paper in CSE are basically subjective in nature and would mainly depend on your clarity of thought and understanding of the crucial ethical issues.
The CSE Mains is planned to test the intellectual expertise of a candidate. It is intended to assess the overall intellectual attributes and depth of understanding of aspirants. This is why the most fitting Mains Optional needs to be selected before beginning IAS preparation. The decision of selection of the optional paper for CSE Mains exam is an age old predicament for Civil Services aspirants. Though the number of optional subjects for CSE Mains to be selected is reduced to one, the candidates are still confused whether they are making the right choice or not.
As per the latest pattern of UPSC Civil Services exam the weightage of the optional paper is only 500 marks out of 2025 marks. It is still a deciding factor in the final ranks due to the uncertainty associated with General Studies Papers and Interview. For the aspirants who are not strong in General Studies the decision of choosing the right IAS Mains optional subject is very important.
The Main examination has 9 papers. All of them are subjective in nature there are 2 qualifying papers. One is English and the other is a paper on any of the Indian languages listed for selection, for 300 marks each.
Choosing the Correct CSE Mains Optional
You need to select an optional subject in which you are comfortable to score high in CSE mains. Your comfort level with the CSE Mains optional subject depends on factors like acquaintance with the subject, availability of books, study materials and faculty, scope of discussion, recent marks trend, difficulty level based on syllabus and previous years question papers etc.
Read and understand the syllabus, spend more time on it. Go through the available optional subjects and identify your favourite or comfortable subject based on the excellence in your stream of graduation or school days. Identify your area of interest in current affairs and try shortlisting them as the optional subject for CSE Mains exam. Based on these factors identify 4 to 5 subjects which attract your interest by checking out previous years’ question papers of the chosen subjects.
Measure yourself the level of interest or remaining knowledge you possess to answer each question. Analyze if your interest for the chosen subject will remain the same throughout the preparation. Lastly, the availability of study materials and coaching guidance is very important. Non-technical subjects can be prepared by self-study provided writing is practiced regularly.
It’s preferable to choose a conceptual subject because even with decent preparation one can score high marks as they are not superfluous in nature. It is better to find a group of people who are preparing the same IAS Mains optional subject as yours. This will make learning better and also reduce preparation time.
Popularity of Some Optional Subjects for CSE Mains exam
In CSE Mains exam preparation, certain optional subjects are very popular. History, Geography, public Administration, Sociology, Philosophy, Psychology, Political Science, and Economics are a few of them. There are only 3 engineering subjects in the list of optional subjects of CSE Mains. They are mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, and Electrical Engineering. With proper subject knowledge and ability to answer analytically, it is possible to score well in all optional subjects of CSE Mains.
Do not choose an optional because someone suggested or most students opt for it or it is the most scoring optional subject. What might be interesting/easy for one might not be the same for another. If the above mentioned details are kept in mind, CSE Mains will be easier to crack.
Download UPSC Civil Services Assamese Question Papers. UPSC Assamese question papers are listed below for candidate’s reference. This question bank comprises question papers of 2 years, which enable aspirants to get familiar with the question paper pattern and the syllabus to focus on while preparing for the exam. The question papers you find are Union Public Service Commission papers. Go through the papers carefully for further reference and preparation. We have uploaded 2 years question papers, 2014 and 2015 for the subject Assamese. Apart from this question paper, below are the question papers of other subjects.
UPSC Civil Services Mains Assamese Question Papers
Listed below are the UPSC Assamese mains question papers ordered yearwise for your understanding of the pattern of the IAS Assamese question paper. Please carefully go through this UPSC Assamese question bank that we have prepared for you so that you can get the trend for the questions that are set every year and as per analysis prepare well giving more time to recurring topics and important parts of the syllabus that carry more marks overall. The Assamese question paper lisetd below are actual papers that were given for the civil service mains examination held by UPSC. Our UPSC Assamese question bank is updated till questions of 2015.
UPSC Civil Services Mains Assamese Previous Question Papers
Assamese Syllabus for Main Examination
Answers must be written in Assamese
- History of the origin and development of the Assamese language-its position among the Indo-Aryan Languages-periods in its history.
- Developments of Assamese prose.
- Vowels and consonants of the Assamese languages-rules of phonetic changes with stress on Assamese coming down from Old Indo-Aryan.
- Assamese vocabulary-and its sources.
- Morphology of the language-conjugation-enclitic definitives and pleonastic suffixes.
- Dilectical divergences-the standard colloquial and the Kamrupi dialect in particulars.
- Assamese scripts-its evolution through the ages till 19th century A.D.
Literary Criticism and Literary History
- Principles of Literary criticism upto New criticism.
- Different literary genres.
- Development of literary forms in Assamese.
- Development of literary criticism in Assamese.
- Periods of the literary history of Assam from the earliest beginnings, i.e. from the period of the charyyageets with their socio-cultural background : the proto Assamese-Pre-SankaradevaSankaradeva-post SankaradevaModern period (from the coming of the Britishers)-Post-Independence period. Special emphasis is to be given on the Vaisnavite period, the gonaki and the post-Independence period.
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates’ critical ability. Answers must be written in Assames
- Ramayana (Ayodhya Kanda only)-by Madhava Kandali.
- Parijat-Harana-by Sankaradeva.
- Rasakrida-by Sankaradeva (From Kirtana Ghosa).
- Bargeet-by Madhavadeva
- Rajasuya-by Madhavadeva.
- Katha-Bhagavata (Books I and II)-by Baikunthanath Bhattacharyya.
- Gurucarit-Katha (Sankaradeva’s Part only)-ed. by Maheswar Neog.
- Mor Jeevan Sonwaran-by Lakshminath Bezbaroa.
- Kripabar Barbaruar Kakatar Topola-by Lakshminath Bezbaroa.
- Pratima-by Chandra Kumar Agarwalla.
- Gaonburha-by Padmanath Gohain Barua.
- Monamati-by Rajanikanta Bordoloi.
- Purani Asamiya Sahitya-by Banikanta Kakati.
- Karengar Ligiri-by Jyotiprasad Agarwalla
- Jeevanar Batat-by Bina Barwa (Birinchi Kumar Barua)
- Mrityunjoy-by Birendrakumar
- Samrat-by Navakanta Barua.
Essay writing often gives the personal views of the candidate regarding the specific topic in question. To write an Essay paper in Civil Services Exam, candidates need to know the topic well, explain their observations and recollect related incidents that reflect their knowledge and understanding about the subject discussed.
Essay paper in Civil Services Exam plays a very crucial role. It is a separate paper which is part of the CSE examination. Candidates are required to write an essay on the selected topic where they can make a choice from the given list of subjects. The candidate should stick to the topic and is expected to elaborate the topic by giving facts, examples and views. Essay should be written in a particular style by following the sequence of ideas. For the Civil Services Mains examination, essay is one of the important papers in which most of CSE rank holders score more than 55 to 60% marks.
The difference that the Essay paper in Civil Services Exam makes is that it helps most of top ranked candidates to secure a higher position in the merit list. For writing an essay the candidates have to practice, learn the skill of essay writing and present it in an effective and fluent manner. The marks earned by the candidates in the essay paper have great influence on the Civil Services Mains Exam result.
Also Know: Download UPSC IAS Mains Essay Question Papers
Points to remember for Essay paper in Civil Services Exam
When you appear for the Essay paper in Civil Services Exam you should follow certain rules which are discussed below, for getting a good score. You choose the topic from the given list of subjects and list the facts in sequence, one after another, according to a certain criteria or priority. To make the essay interesting, you can make use of the following points:
- Famous quotes
- Historic events
- People involved
- Current events
- Related government or administrative policies
Also discuss about positive and negative sides of the facts, the related effects and obstacles faced regarding the topic which you want to write in your essay. Once you have enough information at your finger-tips then start writing the essay.
Also Read: Civil Services Essay Paper Syllabus
Effective method for writing Essay paper in Civil Services Exam
The Essay paper in Civil Services Exam should follow certain steps which are very essential to make the essay look perfect. Unless you follow certain sequence the essay will look incomplete. Follow the given sequence below which divides the entire essay into separate parts. It makes writing of the Essay paper in Civil Services Exam more crisp and appealing.
- Introduction: Start the topic using background / historical events
- Explain the main concept & discuss about the topic of Essay
- Relate the earlier facts with present scenario
- Talk about positive effects
- Discuss negative aspects
- Give details of obstacles (if any)
- Suggest reforms / changes
- Conclude the topic
The candidate should choose an interesting topic for essay writing in the Civil Services Mains Exam and write it in a well-organized style by avoiding controversial topics and personal attacks to succeed in the Essay paper in Civil Services Exam.
Download UPSC Civil Services Mains Oriya Question Papers. UPSC Oriya questions papers are listed below for candidate’s reference. Earlier We’ve Provided UPSC IAS Mains Essay Question Papers and IAS Mains Optional Subject Question Papers. This article comprises UPSC Civil Services Mains Oriya Question Papers of 3 years, which enable aspirants to get familiar with the question paper pattern and the syllabus to focus on while preparing for the exam.
Also Read : UPSC Civil services Mains ORIYA EXAM SYLLABUS
About the UPSC Oriya Exam
In IAS mains exam there are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Oriya is one of the optional in the IAS main exam. You can opt for the Oriya language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Oriya language as the main subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Oriya literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Oriya paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Oriya mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of IAS Oriya mains exam.
UPSC Civil Services Oriya Previous Question Papers
Here are UPSC Civil Services Oriya Previous Question Papers for tackling Oriya in the UPSC exams. These question papers ordered yearwise for your understanding of the pattern of the IAS Oriya question paper. So that you can get the trend for the questions that are set every year and as per analysis prepare well giving more time to recurring topics and important parts of the syllabus that carry more marks overall. The Oriya question paper lisetd below are actual papers that were given for thecivil service mains examination held by UPSC. Our UPSC Oriya question bank is updated till questions of 2016.
You can also check CIVIL SERVICES Indian Language Papers List to get the knowledge about UPSC Civil services Exam Pattern, Syllabus & Subjects.
UPSC IAS MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI EXAM SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI EXAM Syllabus. Earlier, we have shared IAS MAINS Indian Language Paper Manipuri Syllabus 2017.
Also check : Download UPSC Civil Services Mains Marathi Question Papers
IAS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI MAIN SYLLABUS 2017: In IAS mains exam there are 2 optional papers in UPSC civil services mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Marathi is one of the optional in the IAS main exam. You can opt for the Marathi language as an optional subject, if you have graduated in the literature of Marathi language as the main subject. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Marathi literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. Each Marathi paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Marathi mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of IAS Marathi mains exam.
IAS MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI SYLLABUS
IAS MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI SYLLABUS Paper I
(Answers must be written in Marathi)
Language and Folk-Iore :
(a) Nature and Functions of Language (with reference to Marathi) Language as a signifying system : Langue and Parole; Basic functions; Poetic language; Standard Language and dialect; Language variations according to social parameters. Linguistic features of Marathi in thirteenth century and seventeenth century.
(b) Dialects of Marathi Ahirani; Varhadi; Dangi
(c) Marathi Grammar Parts of Speech; Case-system; Prayogvichar (Voice)
(d) Nature and kinds of Folk-lore (with special reference to Marathi) Lok-Geet, Lok Katha, Lok Natya
History of Literature and Literary Criticism:
(a) History of Marathi Literature
1. From beginning to 1818 AD, with special reference to the following : Employment News 31 May – 6 June 2014 www.employmentnews.gov.in 39 The Mahanubhava writers, the Varkari poets, the Pandit poets, the Shahirs, Bakhar literature.
2. From 1850 to 1990, with special reference to developments in the following major forms : Poetry, Fiction (Novel and Short Story), Drama; and major literary currents and movements, Romantic, Realist, Modernist, Dalit Gramin, Feminist.
(b) Literary Criticism
1. Nature and function of Literature;
2. Evaluation of Literature;
3. Nature, Objectives and Methods of Criticism;
4. Literature, Culture and Society.
IAS MAINS INDIAN LANGUAGE PAPER MARATHI SYLLABUS Paper 2
(Answers must be written in Marathi)
Textual study of prescribed literary works The paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
(2) Mahatma Jotiba Phule “Shetkaryacha Asud; ‘Sarvajanik Satyadharma’
(3) S.V. Ketkar ‘Brahmankanya;
(4) P.K. Atre ‘Sashtang Namaskar’
(5) Sharchchandra Muktibodh ‘Jana Hey Volatu Jethe’
(6) Uddhav Shelke ‘Shilan’
(7) Baburao Bagul ‘Jevha Mi Jaat Chorli Hoti’
(8) Gouri Deshpande ‘Ekek Paan Galavaya’
(9) P.I. Sonkamble ‘Athavaninche Pakshi’Section-B
(1) Namadevanchi Abhangawani’ Ed: Inamdar, Relekar, Mirajkar Modern Book Depot, Pune
(2) ‘Painjan’ Ed : M.N. Adwant Sahitya Prasar Kendra, Nagpur
(3) ‘Damayanti-Swayamvar’ By Raghunath Pandit
(4) ‘Balakvinchi Kavita’ By Balkavi
(5) ‘Vishakha’ By Kusumagraj
(6) ‘Mridgandh’ By Vinda Karandikar
(7) ‘Jahirnama’ By Narayan Surve
(8) ‘Sandhyakalchya Kavita’ By Grace
(9) ‘Ya Sattet Jeev Ramat Nahi’ By Namdev Dhasal.
Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by Marathi people of Maharashtra. Improve writing skills for IAS Marathi literature exam. Handwriting should be legible for IAS mains exam. A good command over the language is always helpful. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing student should keep IAS Marathi main syllabus and previous papers for reference.
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