How to Write Answers for Civil Services Mains Exam

The UPSC exam is conducted in 3 stages- Prelims, Mains and Interview. While it is essential to leave no stone unturned while preparing for any of the stages, the Mains exam is actually the one which can make or break the game when it comes to you making to the final merit list. One of the biggest mistakes that candidates make while preparing for the UPSC exam is that they keep waiting for prelims to get over, in order to start preparing for CSE Mains. This gives them very little time to practice answer writing and as a result they end up scoring less in the descriptive type papers for UPSC Mains. The key to scoring more in the Mains stage of the UPSC exam is being able to reproduce your knowledge on paper as effectively as possible, given the paucity of time and word limit allowed for attempting each answer. While a good grasp over your UPSC syllabus is paramount to ace the CSE Mains paper, the following UPSC answer writing skills can definitely come in handy for you to improve the presentation of your answer.

How to Write Answers for Civil Services Mains Exam

Tips for answer writing in CSE Mains

  • First and foremost it is very important to understand what the question is asking. You have to answer according to the question’s demand rather than beating around the bush. Writing vague points just to meet the word limit will not fetch you any points.
  • For instance if there is a question of ‘Feminist Movement in India’, you can begin your answer by defining what is feminism. Follow it up by elaborating the course of feminist movement in the Indian context and conclude the answer by discussing its impact, both positive and negative.
  • While writing answers in the UPSC exam, you need to make sure that your answer is balanced and you do not come across as overtly critical in your approach. Make it a point to end the answer on a positive note so that the evaluator gets the feeling that you are an optimistic person, which is an extremely essential trait for any administrator.
  • One of the other UPSC answer writing skills is that if you are pointing out a problem in your answer, try coming up with a possible solution for it. This will prove to the examiner that you are a problem solver at heart rather than a mere critic.
  • Adhering to the word limit becomes important because if you spend too much time answering one question, the quality of your other answers would suffer. Remember, that even if you write a flawless answer, you cannot get more than the maximum marks allotted to it. So divide your time judiciously while attempting the answers. Also, try your best to leave no question unattended.

The biggest myth for UPSC answer writing is that you need an exceptional vocabulary for acing the UPSC exam. The answer writing in UPSC exam is meant to test your analytical abilities and administrative acumen rather than your command over the English language. So avoid using very flowery language while writing your UPSC exam answers. Focus on writing quality content in simple language instead of throwing useless jargon.

How to make your presentation better in UPSC exam

Writing in bullet points is another important UPSC answer writing skill which helps you present your content efficiently and makes it an easy read for the examiner too. Try to get into the shoes of the examiner and realise that the evaluators of the UPSC exam answer sheets have to go through thousands of copies, having the same content which can turn out to be a very dreary job. The evaluator will hence be pleased if he is quickly able to go through your points and mark your answer rather than going through long paragraphs of vague information, hunting for the points he’s looking for in your answer.

The golden rule of brilliant answer writing for UPSC Exam is to underline the keywords. While some people try using different coloured pens for highlighting the important points, this might result in to you wasting your time unnecessarily. So use your discretion while deciding your mode of highlighting.

The UPSC exam is extremely competitive and it is at the CSE Mains stage that you can actually gain an edge over your fellow competitors. Hence don’t neglect your CSE Mains preparation and practice writing answers to as many questions as possible, before the final day of UPSC exam arrives.

Download IES & ISS Question Papers 2016

Download Indian Economic Service – IES And Indian Statistical Service Exam – ISS Question Papers 2016. Earlier we’ve provided Engineering Services Exam (ESE) Question Papers 2016. Today we are providing Indian Economic Service (IES) Question Papers 2016 and Indian Statistical Service (ISS) Exam Question Papers 2016.

Download IES & ISS Question Papers 2016

Download IES & ISS Question Papers 2016

Indian Economic Service And Indian Statistical Service Exam 2016
 
Indian Statistical Service
Indian Economic Service
General

About Indian Economic Service Exam

The UPSC conducts a combined competitive examination for recruitment to Grade IV officers of the services of Indian Economic and Indian Statistic.

IES 2017

Important Dates

  • Date of Notification: 8 February, 2017
  • Last Date to Apply: 3 March, 2017
  • Date of Exam: 12 May, 2017 (3 Days)

Eligibility Criteria

Education: You should have post graduate degree from a recognized university in Economics or Applied Economics or Business Economics or Econometrics.

Age: You must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on 1st August of the year of exam.

Exam Pattern

Part I is written examination carrying a maximum of 1000 marks. The exam is of conventional type. Part II is viva-voce of such candidates as may be called by the Commission, carrying a maximum of 200 marks.

S.No. Subject Marks Time
1 General English 100 3 hours
2 General Studies 100 3 hours
3 General Economics – I 200 3 hours
4 General Economics – II 200 3 hours
5 General Economics – III 200 3 hours
6 Indian Economics 200 3 hours

About Indian Statistical Service Exam

The UPSC conducts a combined competitive examination for recruitment to Grade IV officers of the services of Indian Economic and Indian Statistic.

ISS 2017

Important Dates

  • Date of Notification: 8 February, 2017
  • Last Date to Apply: 3 March, 2017
  • Date of Exam: 12 May, 2017 (3 Days)

Eligibility Criteria

Education: You should have postgraduate degree from an Indian university in Statistics or Applied Statistics or Mathematical Statistics.

Age: You must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on 1st August of the year of exam.

Exam Pattern (New)

Part I is written examination carrying a maximum of 1000 marks. Part II is viva-voce of such candidates as may be called by the Commission, carrying a maximum of 200 marks.

S.No. Subject Marks Time
1 General English 100 3 hours
2 General Studies 100 3 hours
3 Statistics – I (Objective) 200 2 hours
4 Statistics – II (Objective) 200 2 hours
5 Statistics – III (Subjective) 200 3 hours
6 Statistics – IV (Subjective) 200 3 hours

Statistics I & II are of Objective Type Questions (80 questions with maximum marks of 200 in each paper) to be attempted in 120 minutes. Statistics III & IV are of Descriptive Type having Short Answer/Small Problems Questions (50%) and Long Answer and Comprehension problem questions (50%).

When to start preparing for CSE Mains

Civil Services Examination (CSE) aspirants are aware of the fact that the CSE exam comprises of three stages; Prelims, Mains and Interview, but what they fail to decipher is that exactly when should they start preparing for these exams. Well, the first thing you should keep in mind is that it’s not a wise idea to study for these 3 phases of UPSC exam in silos. The CSE prelims, CSE Mains and the CSE interview are not exclusive of each other. In fact most of the syllabus for UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains overlaps, the difference being that in UPSC prelims, the questions are objective type whereas in UPSC Mains the questions are subjective type where candidates have to write long answers. So while there is not much difference in the syllabus there is certainly a difference in the approach which needs to be adopted for clearing the two examinations.

When to start preparing for Civil Service Mains Exam

Concentrating on clearing just UPSC Prelims first? Think again!

Many aspirants keep studying exclusively for CSE prelims, thinking that they will start studying for CSE Mains only after the UPSC Prelims get over. Well, this is the biggest blunder a CSE aspirant can make and he or she will end up paying heavily for this blunder by wasting another precious year. The UPSC exam calendar has become as such that there is a gap of only three or four months after the Prelims and with three General Studies Papers, Ethics paper and the optional paper to prepare for, candidates often find themselves strapped for time.

Start preparing for CSE Mains and CSE Prelims will be covered automatically

When you start preparing for UPSC exam, always remember that you have to start preparing from the point of view of writing the CSE Mains. It’s only when you develop a critical bent of mind and analytical abilities, right from the start, that you will be able to write scoring answers in CSE Mains. Always start your preparation on the super optimistic note that you will clear the UPSC interview in this attempt itself and hence you have to study for all the stages of UPSC exam in an integrated manner. The two months preceding your UPSC prelims date should ideally be devoted to exclusive revision for UPSC Prelims.

CSE Mains optional subject needs to be covered first

Always prepare your optional subject in its entirety, way before the CSE prelims. The time after your UPSC prelims should be utilized for revising and consolidating the most important topics of your CSE Mains optional subject, rather than starting its preparation from scratch at that time. Having prepared your optional subject well in time will do you a whole lot of good as many UPSC toppers have repeatedly confessed that it’s the marks you score in your CSE Mains optional subject which determines your rank.

CSE Mains Answer writing practice is important

Another important aspect of UPSC Mains exam preparation is the answer writing practice. No matter however good you are at expressing yourself on paper, CSE Mains is a time bound exam where you have to answer a lot of questions in a limited time. Hence it’s imperative that you know how to preset your thought in a concise yet most effective manner which appeals to the evaluator. This requires prior answer writing practice so that you do not waste time just collating your thoughts on the day of the exam. While starting answer writing before CSE Prelims is not a bad idea at all, it is mandatory to start practicing answer writing as soon as your CSE Prelims exam gets over. This will give you ample practice to test your writing prowess on the D-Day.

So, if you are a serious CSE aspirant, just get in the groove and start preparing for CSE Mains right away!

How to Prepare Physics for UPSC Exam? – Important Topics

Here we are providing important topics in Physics for UPSC Exam. You will find Tips on how to crack Physics in upsc ias exam. It is adviced to take Physics as optional subjects if you are from engineering background because course is almost similar and all concepts we have you have already studied. Below you will find all important topics in Physics for UPSC Exam so that you can prepare wisely. Find out strategy to prepare Physics for IAS Exams. Here are few essential topics in physics that are helpful to score the maximum marks is the less time. You should also prepare other remaining topics once you are done with these important topics to geet good score in Physics.

How to Prepare Physics for UPSC Exams? - Important Topics

 

Important Topics in Physics for UPSC Exams

Paper I

Section A has 3 crucial areas: Classical Mechanics, Special Relativity, Waves and Geometrical Optics and Physical Optics. As all these three sections provides mandatory questions, it’s suggested not to ignore any one of that. Yet, if you are hard pressed for time, you can be selective about any one section. But it’s crucial that before getting selective you have noticed the necessary areas depending upon the past trend analysis.

It’s advisable not to be selective in case of Classical Mechanics. Also, there is no dearth of good study material regarding this section. Most of the students find this section rather easy in solving questions. In Special Relativity, the older topics are more crucial than the newly added ones. So, the students should design the preparation strategy accordingly. As far as the Waves section is concerned, Damped and Forced Vibrations, Phase and Group Velocity should be given more preference.

Section B consists: Electricity and Magnetism, EM Theory and Black Body radiation and Thermal and Statistical Physics. All the above mentioned three sections carry some mandatory questions, hence none of them can be wholly ignored. Questions which come on EM Theory are very easy and very scoring. Hence, this should be thoroughly prepared and the students must not miss even a small portion on this area.

Paper II

The entire second paper except Electronics can be well prepared from two supreme sources, i.e.. Quantum Physics by Resnick and Eisberg, and Modern Physics by Arthur Beiser. For value addition, you may require to put some extra efforts in reading from some other standard books.

Electronics is a very core content in the course. Students who belong to non-electronics background must have to make the extra efforts and work more harder to get command over this section thoroughly. Once when you are done with it, this part can proves very much scoring to you.

UPSC Economics Important Topics – Optional Paper

Here we are providing important topics in Economics for UPSC Exam. You will find Tips on how to crack Economics in upsc ias exam. It is adviced to take Economics as optional subjects if you are from Commerce/Arts background because course is almost similar and all concepts we have you have already studied. Below you will find all important topics in Economics for UPSC Exam so that you can prepare wisely. Find out strategy to prepare Economics for IAS Exams. Here are few essential topics in economics that are helpful to score the maximum marks is the less time. You should also prepare other remaining topics once you are done with these important topics to geet good score in Economics.

How to Prepare Economics for UPSC Exam? - Important Topics

Important Topics in Economics for UPSC Exams

Basic Economic Indicators: (Statistical Data)

  • National Income
  • Production
  • Price Index
  • Foreign Trade
  • Population

Features of Indian Economy

  • Division of Economic activities
  • Unemployment-Types
  • Poverty-HDR-Measures to eliminate poverty

Population

  • Population growth
  • Population policy 2000
  • Census-2001
  • Consumption Pattern-Energy Consumption-Sources of energy-various programmes National Income
  • Methods of National Income calculation
  • Concepts of National Income

Agriculture

  • Importance
  • Crops and seasons
  • Agricultural Credit agencies. NABARD, RRB. Etc.
  • Kisan Credit Schemes
  • Land Reforms
  • Agricultural Insurance, NAIS, Seed Crop Insurance
  • Green, Yellow, White, Blue revolutions
  • Irrigation projects-Drip irrigation
  • Development measures

Industry

  • Industrial Policies-1948, 1956, 1991-Initiatives taken
  • Small Scale Industries
  • Various key industries
  • Various Committees and their recommendations
  • Industrial sickness
  • Dis investment-PSE Policy
  • Industrial Finance

Money and Banking

  • Aspects of money market
  • Credit Control-Various Rates
  • Commercial Banks, Co-operatives, NBFC.
  • Committees and recommendations
  • SEBI-Stock market developments
  • Insurance Industry
  • New Banking Sector reforms
  • Inflation, Deflation
  • Money supply measures

Foreign Trade

  • Composition and direction
  • Exim policy and other Acts
  • Foreign Trade improvement measures taken
  • WTO
  • BOP

International Organisation, Development and employment Programmes and Planning

  • Planning Commission
  • Five Year Plans and imported features

Public Finance

  • Finance Commission
  • Various formulas for Plan assistance to states
  • Taxation-Reforms
  • Public spending and Debt.
  • Deficit financing

How to Prepare Agriculture for UPSC Exam? – Important Topics

Here we are providing important topics in Agriculture for UPSC Exam. You will find Tips on how to crack Agriculture in upsc ias exam. It is adviced to take Agriculture as optional subjects if you are from Biology background because course is almost similar and all concepts we have you have already studied. Below you will find all important topics in Agriculture for UPSC Exam so that you can prepare wisely. Find out strategy to prepare Agriculture for IAS Exams. Here are few essential topics in Agriculture that are helpful to score the maximum marks is the less time. You should also prepare other remaining topics once you are done with these important topics to geet good score in Agriculture.How to Prepare Agriculture for UPSC Exam? - Important Topics

Important Topics in Agriculture for UPSC Exams

Paper I

Generally Paper I aims on the farm practices and fundamental foundation of agriculture. The topics should be prepared in desirable length. Expression should be simple, application oriented and should involve flowcharts as and when it is needed. The Farm practices must correspond to the Indian situation. Students must ensure that they should focus on sustainability and economic dimensions of any method. Some examples must correspond to recently debated issues in various different areas. Agricultural marketing, pricing etc must have new and updated information avail from the Indian Government and reports like economic survey and ministry of agriculture’s annual report.

Paper II

Those Students who have opted for agriculture with botany need not to prepare cell biology, genetics, biotechnology, plant breed, plant biochemistry and physiology separately. These topics are already being included in botany. There should be more focus on the agricultural application as well. Ideal books would be Plant Breeding by B. D. Singh and Plant Physiology by Jain. Horticulture, Plant Pathology as well as Food Production need to be covered separately. Students must focus on the India-specific examples and commercial side, while writing about agriculture and any plant disease. For example, mention the loss in many terms due to a specific crop disease. Overlapped with the GS will be in fields like ecology and environment, food security, crop productivity, agricultural economics and sustainable agriculture.

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