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UPSC Mains Syllabus 2019 | Exam Pattern

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UPSC Mains Syllabus- We had already provided UPSC civil Services Exam Notification 2018-19 & UPSC Exam Syllabus & Subjects for Prelims 2019 in detail. UPSC Mains exam is just around the corner. It will be conducted in October 2019. Now, before going to attempt UPSC Civil Services Mains exam, this month, you must know the UPSC Mains Syllabus, and the exam pattern, so that you can plan your preparations in the most effective way.

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has revised the pattern of UPSC Main examination from 2015 onwards.Therefore, to keep you updated with the latest changes and the current UPSC syllabus, we’re providing UPSC Mains Syllabus in detail below. The written examination consists of nine papers,in which, 2 are qualifying papers and 7 papers are counted for ranking. As per new UPSC Mains Syllabus, general studies papers consists of 1000 marks.

To get a complete idea on UPSC- Prelims and Mains exams- Click Here

You can see, UPSC Mains Syllabus below, with all the subject level details.
UPSC Mains Syllabus: Exam Pattern | UPSC Syllabus 2018-19


Paper – A
Language -300 Marks
Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature
Paper – B
English -300 Marks

This paper is of qualifying nature

Paper – I
Essay – 250 Marks

Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice

Paper-II
General Studies-I 250 Marks
(Indian Heritage and Culture,
History and Geography of the World and Society)
Paper-III
General Studies -II: 250 Marks
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
Paper-IV
General Studies -III 250 Marks
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
Paper-V
General Studies -IV 250 Marks
(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)
Marks carried by General Studies papers are 4X 250=1000
Paper-VI
Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks
Paper-VII
Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the condition of having it at the graduation level.”

Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

Marks of English and Language will not be counted in the total tally of marks for the written exam. So the total of the Mains exam will be 1750 Marks Only.

PAPER A in UPSC Mains Syllabus is Language Paper & Paper B is English Paper.

Paper A in UPSC Mains Syllabus is just for qualifying. Paper A in UPSC Mains Marks is not considered for Final Marks. The candidates can select any language of their wish from the Paper A in UPSC Mains Exam which are in the list of UPSC Mains Exam. This Paper A in UPSC Mains Exam is for 300 Marks.

Paper B in UPSC Mains Syllabus is just for qualifying. Paper B in UPSC Mains Marks will not be considered for Final Marks. This Paper B in UPSC Mains Exam is for 300 Marks.

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2019 – Subjects & Papers | UPSC Syllabus 2018-19

QUALIFYING PAPERS ON INDIAN LANGUAGES AND ENGLISH (300 marks for each qualifying paper)

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
Indian Languages :-
(i) Comprehension of given passages
(ii) Precis Writing
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary
(iv) Short Essays
(v) Translation from English to the Indian
language and vice-versa.
Note 1 : 
The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2
: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper 1: Essay (250 marks)

Essay writing is important part of UPSC Mains Syllabus, for Paper 1. Candidates may be required to write an essay on specific topic. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and to write concisely Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2: General Studies paper 1 (250 marks)

When we talk about UPSC Mains Syllabus, General Studies is very important. Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society form the key aspects of it.

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper 3: General Studies paper 2 (250 marks)

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate

Paper 4: General Studies paper 3 (250 marks)

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  • Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and nonstate actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper 5: General Studies paper 4 (250 marks)

UPSC Mains Syllabus: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidate’s  attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered in

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper 6 and 7: (250 marks each paper)

Optional 1 (Of your choice)/ Optional 2 (Of your choice)

Candidates can choose any optional from the subjects, which are given below:

UPSC Mains Syllabus: List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination

Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examination .Lots of the students will be eliminated in the UPSC prelims exam. UPSC mains syllabus is vast but it requires intense preparation. Utilizing the time efficiently and Writing skills will play key role in mains exam. Students appearing for UPSC mains exam must get clarity on each subject and topic. I hope this UPSC mains syllabus & subjects article may helpful to you in clearing the doubts. candidates can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

Please share this article UPSC Mains Syllabus for 2019 to all your friends who are preparing for UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2019. If you have any issues & Doubts regarding mains Exam Structure, Syllabus, detailed subject topics and any other related to Civil Services Exam 2019 you can ask via comment box.

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