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UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern and Subjects | IAS Exam Pattern 2018

UPSC Syllabus, Civil Services Exam Pattern and Subjects for UPSC Exams 2018- Here we are providing the complete updated details regarding UPSC syllabus, UPSC exam pattern and UPSC subjects for UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAM, popularly known as IAS exam. It takes an year long intense preparation to be able to crack IAS exam or UPSC Civil Services exam. All the students aspiring for UPSC Prelims 2018 exam must be in the top gear of their preparation. For this year both the Prelims and Mains exams have gotten over. Every year nearly 5 lakhs aspirants apply for this prestigious exam. In this article, we are giving a detailed information on IAS EXAM PATTERN, UPSC Syllabus & complete subject details.

Also Read- UPSC Notification 2018-19

UPSC Syllabus and Civil Services Exam Pattern 2018

You can download UPSC Syllabus 2018 PDF in this article. UPSC conducts IAS or CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION in three phases –

We’ve also given a UPSC annual calendar with complete UPSC exam schedule to help you get more familiar with the UPSC exam schedule 2017 and 2018


 UPSC Syllabus 2018 | 2019 pdf

For the UPSC aspirants convenience, we’ve provided everything you need to know about UPSC syllabus. In this group 1 syllabus pdf file, you can find latest UPSC Prelims & Mains syllabus- all IAS exam subjects and papers syllabus including of optional subjects. Also Download UPSC Syllabus 2017-18 pdf files. This UPSC 2017-18 pdf will help you to see your syllabus as and when needed, which will be of much help in you UPSC exam preparation

Download UPSC Syllabus 2018 PDF

UPSC Civil Services Exam Schedule | UPSC Year Calendar 2018-19

UPSC Notification Preliminary Examination of objective type Preliminary examination result Mains Examination Descriptive type test Mains Examination result Oral Interview Final Result
May in EMPLOYMENT NEWS June 2018 August 2018 October 2018 March 2018 APRIL-MAY 2018 at New Delhi MAY



The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks.
The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Hindi

General Studies Paper – I 200 Marks
General Studies Paper – II 200 Marks

 UPSC Prelims Syllabus for Paper I – (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours (Counted for the merit rank in the Prelims)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for Paper II- (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours (Not counted for the merit rank in Prelims but a qualifying Paper; just needs 33% marks)

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision-making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability.
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

Also Read- UPSC Prelims SyllabusBest Reference Books for UPSC Prelims and Previous Year’s Papers for UPSC Prelims

IAS Mains Exam Pattern and Subjects | UPSC Syllabus for Mains

The written examination or UPSC Mains exam consists of nine papers, two qualifying papers and seven papers counted for ranking

Paper Subject Marks
Paper A (One of the Indian languages listed below, to be selected by the candidate (from the languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying) 300
Paper B English (Qualifying) 300
Paper I Essay 250
Paper II General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society) 250
Paper III General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice, and international relations) 250
Paper-IV General Studies III (Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security and disaster management) 250
Paper V General Studies-IV(ethics, integrity, and aptitude) 250
Papers VI, VII Two papers on subjects to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects below (250 marks for each paper) 500

Candidates may choose any one of the optional subjects from amongst the list of subjects given below.

  • The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
  • Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay’, ‘General Studies’ and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on ‘Indian Languages’ and ‘English’ but the papers on ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance of who attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by Commission at their discretion for the qualifying papers on ‘Indian Language’ and ‘English’.
  • The paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.

List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination

Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.

The question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type. Each paper will be of three hours duration. The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) will be set in Hindi and English only.


Total – (B) Main Examination – 1750 Marks + (C) Personality Test – 275 Marks = 2025 Marks.

NOTE: The objective of the interview is to test the overall orientation of the candidate towards Administrative services. 

Note: If any confusion prevails about the UPSC Civil Service Examination or about Civil Services Exam Syllabus or any other point, please refer UPSC website ( as well as employment news in which detailed advertisement of examination is published.

Also get UPSC Syllabus in Hindi. Download UPSC Syllabus in Hindi. Check out for UPSC Syllabus in Hindi. Download UPSC Syllabus in Hindi from this article. Click on the provided link to download UPSC Syllabus in Hindi.


Few Important Links for IAS Aspirants 2018 | 2019

UPSC Notification 2017 UPSC Syllabus UPSC Prelims Syllabus
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern UPSC Reference Books UPSC Eligibility
UPSC Mains Exams Pattern UPSC Question papers UPSC IAS Preparation Tips
UPSC IAS Exam Application UPSC Admit Card UPSC Results
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Also Read-

How Should I start my IAS Preparation?

About UPSC Exam- Eligibility, Qualification, Attempt Details

We hope, you were able to get more clarity on IAS exam pattern, group 1 syllabus & Subjects article we gave a timeline of various stages in IAS exam, Exam pattern of IAS prelims, and  mains exam. IAS exam is a nationwide exam and takes one year to complete. IAS aspirants must improve their reading, writing, and communication skills to crack IAS exam.

Also Read: Tips to Crack IAS Interview

So, begin your preparations and structure your study schedule on the lines of the UPSC Syllabus 2018 or IAS Syllabus 2018.


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