UPSC IAS MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS. Get CIVIL SERVICES MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS details. Get UPSC IAS/Civil Services MAINS Syllabus, Paper structure & Applicable Topics covered in UPSC MAINS PHILOSOPHY Syllabus. Earlier we’ve provided UPSC MAINS Exam Pattern & Structure for 2018 & 2019 exams. Also Read UPSC MAINS INDIAN HISTORY Syllabus, UPSC MAINS CHEMISTRY PAPER SYLLABUS & TOPICS , UPSC MAINS COMMERCE SYLLABUS & Topics 2019. Check CIVIL SERVICES PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS below. UPSC MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS: There are 2 optional papers in UPSC mains exam. In upsc mains examination paper 6&7 are optional subject papers. Philosophy is one of the popular optional in the UPSC civil services exam. Irrespective of the academic background anyone can attempt for mains philosophy exam. Each Philosophy paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Philosophy mains paper is 3 hours. Here is a detailed syllabus of upsc Philosophy mains exam.
UPSC IAS MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS PAPER – I
History and Problems of Philosophy:
- Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
- Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain 44 www.employmentnews.gov.in Employment News 31 May – 6 June 2014 Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
- Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
- Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
- Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
- Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
- Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
- Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
- Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
- Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
- Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
- Carvaka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
- Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhaoginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
- Schools of Buddhism: Pratityasamutpada; Ksanikavada, Nairatmyavada
- Nyaya- Vaiuesika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Pramsna; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
- Samkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
- Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
- Mimamsa: Theory of Knowledge
- Schools of Vedânta: Brahman; Iuvara; Atman; Jiva; Jagat; Maya; Avidya; Adhyasa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
- Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.
UPSC IAS MAINS PHILOSOPHY SYLLABUS PAPER – 2
- Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
- Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
- Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
- Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
- Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
- Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
- Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
- Development and Social Progress.
- Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; empowerment.
- Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar
Philosophy of Religion:
- Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
- Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
- Problem of Evil.
- Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
- Reason, Revelation and Faith.
- Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
- Religion without God.
- Religion and Morality.
- Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
- Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitivist and Non- cognitive.
UPSC Philosophy paper 1 is thinker based and Philosophy paper 2 is very general and contains topics of common interest. UPSC Philosophy paper questions are direct and often get repeated. UPSC mains Philosophy is syllabus is short and scoring paper. Syllabus is the best guide so while preparing student must keep this UPSC philosophy syllabus to check the progress.